Publications - Continuous Casting Consortium - U of I
   
     
    CCC Logo  
   
     
   

 

 

intro
members
director
people
projects
laboratory
publications
downloads
more links
our mision

 

 

     
Select a year to jump to publications in that year:
1990 2000 2010
1991 2001 2011
1992 2002 2012
1993 2003 2013
1984 1994 2004 2014
1995 2005 Graduate Student Theses
1986 1996 2006
1987 1997 2007
1988 1998 2008
1989 1999 2009

1984
  1. Thomas, B.G., I.V. Samarasekera, and J.K. Brimacombe, "Comparison of Numerical Modeling Techniques for Complex, Two-Dimensional, Transient Heat Conduction Problems," Metallurgical Transactions Bs, 15B:2, 307-318, 1984. Click here for a PDF version. (13.3 MB)

  2. Thomas, B.G., I.V. Samarasekera, and J.K. Brimacombe, "Comparison of Numerical Modeling Techniques for Complex Two-Dimensional Transient Heat-Conduction Problems," Modeling of Casting and Welding Processes II, Eng. Foundation Conf., Henniker, New Hampshire, July 31-Aug. 5, 1983, J. A. Dantzig and J. T. Berry, eds., The Minerals, Metals, and Materials Society, Warrendale, PA, 3-11, 1984.

  3. Thomas, B.G., "Physical Modeling of a Bottom-Fired Soaking Pit," report submitted to Stelco, Inc., 1984.

    Return to Top

1986
  1. Thomas, B.G., J.K. Brimacombe, and I.V. Samarasekera, "The Formation of Panel Cracks in Steel Ingots, A State of the Art Review, I--Hot Ductility of Steel," Transactions of the Iron and Steel Society, 7, 7-20, 1986. Click here for a PDF version. (20.3 MB)

  2. Thomas, B.G., J.K. Brimacombe, and I.V. Samarasekera, "The Formation of Panel Cracks in Steel Ingots, A State of the Art Review, II--Mid-Face and Off-Corner Cracks," Transactions of the Iron and Steel Society, 7, 21-29, 1986. Click here for a PDF version. (13.7 MB)

  3. Thomas, B.G., I.V. Samarasekera, and J.K. Brimacombe, "Application of Mathematical Heat Flow and Stress Models of Steel Ingot Casting to Investigate Panel Crack Formation," Modeling and Control of Casting and Welding Processes, Proceedings of the Third Conference on Modeling of Casting and Welding Processes, Eng. Found., Santa Barbara, CA, Jan. 12-17, 1986, S. Kou, R. Mehrabian, eds., The Minerals, Metals, and Materials Society, Warrendale, PA, 479-495, 1986. Click here for a PDF version (1.02 MB)

  4. Thomas, B.G., "Preliminary Investigation of Narrow-Face Mold Taper in Continuous Slab Casting Machines," report submitted to ARMCO Inc., April 1986.

    Return to Top

1987
  1. Thomas, B.G., I.V. Samarasekera, and J.K. Brimacombe, "Mathematical Model of the Thermal Processing of Steel Ingots, Part I: Heat Flow Model," Metallurgical Transactions B, 18B:1, 119-130, March, 1987. Click here for a PDF version. (11.3 MB)

  2. Thomas, B.G., I.V. Samarasekera, and J.K. Brimacombe, "Mathematical Model of the Thermal Processing of Steel Ingots, Part II: Stress Model," Metallurgical Transactions B, 18B:1, 131-147, March, 1987. Click here for a PDF version. (16.2 MB)

  3. Storkman, W.R. and B.G. Thomas, "Mathematical Modeling of the Continuous Casting of Stainless Steel Slabs to Optimize Mold Taper," Solidification Processing 1987, Conference Proceedings, Ranmoor House, Sheffield, UK, Sept. 21-24, 1987, 194-196, in Solidification Processing 1987, Institute of Metals, London, 1988, 225-227, 1988.

  4. Haegele, G.T. and B.G. Thomas, "Application of Mathematical Models to Investigate Defect Formulation During Hot-Charging of Continuously-Cast Steel Slabs," Final Report to the Engineering Foundation for Grant RI-A-86-4, Sept. 1988, presented at Research in Progress session, 29th Mechanical Working and Steel Processing Conference (ISS/AIME), Toronto, Canada, Oct. 21-23, 1987. Click here for a PDF version (872 KB MB)

  5. Thomas, B.G., "Cracking of Railroad Wheels," University of Illinois Materials Processing Consortium Report, submitted to Griffon Wheel, Feb. 1987.

  6. Thomas, B.G., L. Mika, and J. Azzi, "Three-Dimensional Heat Flow and Stress Models of Continuous Casting of Steel Slabs," submitted to Inland, Bethlehem, and ARMCO Inc., Oct. 1987.

    Return to Top

1988
  1. Thomas, B. G., I. V. Samarasekera, and J. K. Brimacombe, "Investigation of Panel Crack Formation in Steel Ingots, Part I: Mathematical Analysis and Mid-Face Panel Cracks," Metallurgical Transaction B, 19B:2, 277-287, April, 1988. Click here for a PDF version. (12.3 MB)

  2. Thomas, B. G., I. V. Samarasekera, and J. K. Brimacombe, "Investigation of Panel Crack Formation in Steel Ingots, Part II: Off-Corner Panel Cracks," Metallurgical Transactions B, 19B:2, 289-301, April, 1988. Click here for a PDF version. (17.3 MB)

  3. Kelly, J. E., K. P. Michalek, T. G. O'Connor, B. G. Thomas, and J. A. Dantzig, "Initial Development of Thermal and Stress Fields in Continuously Cast Steel Billets," Metallurgical Transactions A, 19A:10, 2589-2602, 1988. Click here for a PDF version. (13.8 MB)

  4. Mika, L. M. and B. G. Thomas, "Simulation of Fluid Flow and Heat Transfer Inside a Continuous Slab Casting Mold," Modeling of Casting and Welding Processes, Engineering Foundation Conference, Palm Coast, FL, 459-469, April 17-22 A F. Giamei and G. J. Abbaschian, eds., The Metallurgical Society, Warrendale, PA, 459-469, 1988.

  5. Thomas, B. G. and W. R. Storkman, "Mathematical Models of Continuous Slab Casting to Optimize Mold Taper," Modeling of Casting and Welding Processes, Engineering Foundation Conference, Palm Coast, FL, April 17-22, 1988, TMS, 287-297, 1988. Click here for a PDF version. (10 MB)

  6. Thomas, B. G. and L. M. Mika, "Simulation of Fluid Flow and Heat Transfer Inside a Continuous Slab Casting Machine," Second FIDAP Users Conference, Evanston, IL, Oct. 2-4, Fluid Dynamics International, Inc., 1988.

  7. Haegele, G. T. and B. G. Thomas, "Application of Mathematical Models to Investigate Defect Formulation During Hot-Charging of Continuously-Cast Steel Slabs," Final Report to the Engineering Foundation for Grant RI-A-86-4, Sept. 1988, , presented at Research in Progress session, 29th Mechanical Working and Steel Processing Conference (ISS/AIME), Toronto, Canada, Oct. 21-23, 1987.

  8. Haegele, G. T. and B. G. Thomas, "Progress Report on Use of Alliant Computer to Model Defect Formation during the Direct Charging of Continuously Cast Steel Slabs," submitted to National Center for Supercomputing Applications, UIUC, April 1988.

    Return to Top

1989
  1. Thomas, B. G., "Application of Mathematical Models to the Continuous Slab Casting Mold," Iron and Steelmaker, 16:12, 53-66, 1989; also in ISS Transactions, Iron and Steel Society, Warrendale, PA, 11, 143-156, 1990. [Rossiter W. Raymond Award, 1991, AIME]. Click here for a PDF version. (20.4 MB)

  2. Thomas, B. G., "Application of Mathematical Models to the Continuous Slab Casting Mold," 72nd Steelmaking Conference, Proceedings Iron and Steel Society of AIME, Chicago, IL, 423-435, April 2-5, 1989.

  3. Najjar, F. M. and B. G. Thomas, "Numerical Aspects of Finite Element Modeling of Turbulent Fluid Flow and Heat Transfer in Continuous Casting," Third FIDAP Users Conference, Fluid Dynamics International, Evanston, IL, Sept. 25, 1989.

  4. Goettsch, D. D. and B. G. Thomas, "Single Crystal Process Modeler Program," Final Report to PCC Airfoils, Inc., Beachwood, OH, Feb. 1989.

  5. Storkman, W. R. and B. G. Thomas, "Optimization of Mold Taper Design using Mathematical Models of Continuous Steel Slab Casting," Final Report to ARMCO Advanced Materials Corporation, Butler, PA, Jan. 1989.
  6. Return to Top

1990
  1. Thomas, B. G., L. J. Mika, and F. M. Najjar, "Simulation of Fluid Flow Inside a Continuous Slab Casting Machine," Metallurgical Transactions B, 21B:2, 387-400, April 1990. Click here for a PDF version. (18.7 MB)

  2. Voller, V. R., C. R. Swaminathan, and B. G. Thomas, "Fixed Grid Techniques for Phase Change Problems: A Review," International Journal of Numerical Methods in Engineering, 30:4, 875-898, 1990. Click here for a PDF version (18.3 MB)

  3. Yu, K. O., M. J. Beffel, M. Robinson, D. D. Goettsch, B. G. Thomas, D. Pinella, and R. G. Carlson,"Solidification Modeling of Single-Crystal Investment Castings," AFS Transactions, 98:53, 417-428, 1990. [Best Investment Casting Paper, 1990, AFS]. Click here for a PDF version. (19.3 MB)

  4. Thomas, B. G., D. D. Goettsch, K. O. Yu, M. J. Beffel, M. Robinson, D. Pinella, and R. G. Carlson, "Modeling the Directional Solidification Process," 5th Engineering Foundation Conference on Modeling of Casting, Welding, and Advanced Processes, Session on Modeling of Near-Net Shape Casting and Advanced Solidification Processes, Davos, Switzerland, 5, TMS, Warrendale, PA, 603-610, 1990. Click here for a PDF version. (5.64 MB)

  5. Thomas, B. G., F. M. Najjar, and L. J. Mika, "The Removal of Superheat from Continuous Casting Molds," Proceedings of the Weinberg Symposium on Solidification Processing, C.I.M. Conference, Hamilton, Ontario, 131-145, Aug. 27-29, 1990.

  6. Thomas, B. G., A. Moitra, and W. R. Storkman, "Optimizing Taper in Continuous Slab Casting Molds Using Mathematical Models," Proceedings, 6th International Iron and Steel Congress, Nagoya, Japan, 3:1, 348- 355, Oct. 1990. Click here for a PDF version. (11 MB)

  7. Moitra, A. and B.G. Thomas, "CONCAST - User's Manual", Report to Armco, Inland, and LTV Steel, UIUC, 1990, 32p.

  8. Thomas, B.G., editor, "Three-Dimensional Heat Flow and Stress Models of Continuous Casting of Steel Slabs," Progress Reports to Armco, Inland, and LTV Steel, UIUC, June 22 and Dec. 19, 1990.
  9. Return to Top

1991
  1. Thomas, B. G. and F. M. Najjar, "Finite Element Modelling of Turbulent Fluid Flow and Heat Transfer in Continuous Casting," Applied Mathematical Modeling, 15:5, 226-243, May 1991. Click here for a PDF version. (19.1 MB)

  2. Voller, V. R., M. S. Stachowicz, and B. G. Thomas, eds., Materials Processing in the Computer Age, (Proceedings of the International Symposium on Materials Processing in the Computer Age, held in New Orleans, LA, Feb. 17-21, 1991), The Minerals, Metals, and Materials Society, Warrendale, PA, 462pages, 1991.

  3. Thomas, B. G. and B. Ho, "Spreadsheet Model of Continuous Casting," Materials Processing in the Computer Age, V. R. Voller, M. S. Stachowicz, and B. G. Thomas, eds., Proceedings of the International Symposium on Materials Processing in the Computer Age, New Orleans, LA, Feb. 17-21, The Minerals, Metals, and Materials Society, Warrendale, PA, 293-305, 1991.

  4. Najjar, F. M., D. E. Hershey, and B. G. Thomas, "Turbulent Flow of Steel Through Submerged Bifurcated Nozzles into Continuous Casting Molds," Fourth FIDAP Users Conference, April 14-16, Evanston, IL, Fluid Dynamics International, Inc., Evanston, IL, 1-55, 1991.

  5. Thomas, B. G., "Mathematical Modeling of the Continuous Slab Casting Mold, a State of the Art Review," 74th Steelmaking Conference Proceedings, Washington, DC, April 1991, Iron and Steel Society, 74, 105-118, 1991.

  6. Thomas, B. G., “Mathematical Modeling of the Continuous Slab Casting Mold, a State of the Art Review;” in Mold Operation for Quality and Productivity, Iron and Steel Society, Warrendale, PA, 69-82, 1991 (reprinted from Proceedings of Steelmaking Conference, Iron and Steel Society, 74, 105-118, 1991).

  7. Thomas, B. G., D. J. Habing, A. Moitra, and J. A. Azzi, "Thermal Distortion of Continuous Slab Casting Molds," 1st European Conference on Continuous Casting, Florence, Italy, Associazione Italiana di Metallurgia, 2, 2.417-26, Sept. 1991.

  8. Thomas, B. G., ed., "Mathematical Models of Fluid Flow, Heat Transfer, and Stress in the Mold Region of Continuous Casting of Steel Slabs," Annual Report to Armco, Inland, LTV, and BHP, Aug. 20, 1991.

    Return to Top

1992
  1. Kozlowski, P. F., B. G. Thomas, J. Azzi, and H. Wang, "Simple Constitutive Equations for Steel at High Temperature," Metallurgical Transactions A, 23A:3, 903-918, 1992. Click here for a PDF version. (19 MB)

  2. Huang, X., B. G. Thomas, and F. M. Najjar, "Modeling Superheat Removal during Continuous Casting of Steel Slabs," Metallurgical Transactions B, 23B:3, 339-356, 1992. Click here for a PDF version. (19.2 MB)

  3. Thomas, B. G., L. M. Mika, and F. M. Najjar, “Simulation of Fluid Flow Inside a Continuous Slab Casting Machine;” in Continuous Casting, Iron and Steel Society, Warrendale, PA, 6, 141-154, 1992 (reprinted from Metallurgical Transactions B, 21B:2, 387-400, April 1990). Click here for a PDF version. (18.7 MB)

  4. Moitra, A., B. G. Thomas, and W. Storkman, "Thermo-mechanical Model of Steel Shell Behavior in the Continuous Casting Mold," EPD Congress, J. P. Hager, ed., The Minerals, Metals, and Materials Society Annual Meeting, San Diego, CA, 547-557, March 2-5, 1992. Click here for a PDF version. (24.8 MB)

  5. Sussman, R. C., M. Burns, X. Huang, and B. G. Thomas, "Inclusion Particle Behavior in a Continuous Slab Casting Mold," 10th Process Technology Conference Proceedings, Toronto, Ontario, April 5-8, Iron and Steel Society, Warrendale, PA, 291-304, 1992. Click here for a PDF version. (12.2 MB)

  6. Huang, X. and B. G. Thomas, "Modelling of Steel Grade Transition in Continuous Slab Casting Processes," 50th Electric Furnace Conference Proceedings, Atlanta, GA, Iron and Steel Society, Warrendale, PA, 485-499, Nov. 10-13, 1992. Click here for a PDF version. (12.9 MB)

  7. Matway, R. J. and B. G. Thomas, "Review of the Research in Progress Session at the Spring Conference," Iron and Steelmaker, 19:6, 40, 1992.

  8. Thomas, B.G., ed., "Mathematical Models of Fluid Flow, Heat Transfer, and Stress in the Mold Region of Continuous Casting of Steel Slabs," Annual Report to Continuous Casting Consortium, UIUC, August 12, 1992.

  9. Li, G., B.G. Thomas, B. Ho, and N. Youssef, "CON1D User Manual", Report to Continuous Casting Consortium, UIUC, July, 1992.

  10. Li, G. and B. G. Thomas, "Freeze-up Prediction for Single-Roll Strip Casting," Report to ARMCO, Inc., Sept. 1992.

    Return to Top

1993
  1. Hershey, D. E., B. G. Thomas, and F. M. Najjar, "Turbulent Flow through Bifurcated Nozzles," International Journal for Numerical Methods in Fluids, 17:1, 23-47, 1993. Click here for a more recent PDF version. (11.4 MB)

  2. Huang, X. and B. G. Thomas, "Modeling of Steel Grade Transition in Continuous Slab Casting Processes," Metallurgical Transactions B, 24B:2, 379-393, 1993. [John Chipman Award, 1996, Iron and Steel Society] Click here for a PDF version. (1.64 MB)

  3. Sussman, R. C., M. T. Burns, X. Huang, and B. G. Thomas, "Inclusion Particle Behavior in a Continuous Slab Casting Mold," Iron and Steelmaker, 20:2, 14-16, 1993.

  4. Thomas, B. G., "Stress Analysis of Casting Processes: An Overview," Modeling of Casting, Welding, and Advanced Solidification Processes - VI, Palm Coast, FL, T. Piwonka and V. Voller, eds., The Metallurgical Society of AIME, Warrendale, PA, Vol. 6, 519-534, 1993, MIT, Cambridge, MA, Jan. 5-7, 1994.

  5. Thomas, B. G. and X. Huang, "Effect of Argon on Fluid Flow in a Continuous Slab Casting Mold," 76th Steelmaking Conference Proceedings, Dallas, TX, Iron and Steel Society, 76, 273-289, March 28-31, 1993. Click here for a more recent PDF version. (272KB)

  6. Moitra, A. and B. G. Thomas, "Application of a Thermo-Mechanical Finite Element Model of Steel Shell Behavior in the Continuous Slab Casting Mold," 76th Steelmaking Conference Proceedings, Iron and Steel Society, Dallas, TX, 657-667, March 28-31, 1993.

  7. Thomas, B. G., "Mathematical Modeling of Steel Continuous Casting Processes," 19th Annual NSF Grantees Conference on Design and Manufacturing Systems Research, SME, Charlotte, NC, 337-345, Jan. 6-8, 1993.

  8. Li, G. and B. G. Thomas, "Transient Thermal Model of the Continuous Single-Wheel Thin-Strip Casting Process," Report to ARMCO, Inc., Aug. 10, 1993.

  9. Li, G. and B. G. Thomas, "STRIP1D User Manual," Report to ARMCO, Inc., Aug. 10, 1993.

  10. Thomas, B.G., ed., "Mathematical Models of Continuous Casting of Steel Slabs," Annual Report to Continuous Casting Consortium, UIUC, August 18, 1993.

    Return to Top

1994
  1. Dantzig, J. A. and B. G. Thomas, "Computer Modeling in Continuous Casting," Encyclopedia of Advanced Materials, Bloor, Brook, Flemings, and Mahajan, eds., Pergamon Elsevier Science Inc., Tarrytown, NY, 31/12:4, 1994.

  2. Thomas, B. G., X. Huang, and R. C. Sussman, "Simulation of Argon Gas Flow Effects in a Continuous Slab Caster," Metallurgical and Materials Transactions B, 25B:4, 527-547, 1994. Click here for a PDF version. (272 KB)

  3. Ridolfi, M. R., B. G. Thomas, G. Li, U. Della Foglia, "The Optimization of Mold Taper for the Ilva- Dalmine Round Bloom Caster," La Revue de Metallurgie - CIT, 91:2, 609-620, 1994. Click here for a PDF version. (163 KB)

  4. Jenkins, M. S., B. G. Thomas, W. C. Chen, and R. B. Mahapatra, "Investigation of Strand Surface Defects using Mold Instrumentation and Modelling,” 77th Steelmaking Conference Proceedings, Chicago, IL, Iron and Steel Society, Warrendale, PA, 77, 337-345, 1994.

  5. Thomas, B. G., "An Overview of Stress Modeling in Casting Processes,” BHP/Comalco Workshop on Modelling of Casting and Solidification Processes, BHP Steel Research, Melbourne, Australia, 1-2, March 10, 1994. Click here for a more recent PDF version. (270 KB)

  6. Lawson, G. D., S. C. Sander, W. H. Emling, A. Moitra, and B. G. Thomas, "Prevention of Shell ThinningBreakouts Associated with Widening Width Changes," 77th Steelmaking Conference Proceedings, Chicago, IL, Iron and Steel Society, Warrendale, PA, 77, 329-336, 1994.

  7. Thomas, B. G. and H. Zhu, "Evaluation of Finite Element Methods for Simulation of Stresses During Solidification," World Conference on Computational Mechanics III, Chiba, Japan, 2:NI3-4, 1764-1765, Aug. 2-5, 1994.

  8. Watson, J. W., X. Huang, and B. G. Thomas, "A Steel Composition Model for Continuous Slab Casting during a Grade Transition," 52nd Electric Furnace Conference Proceedings, Process Technology Division, Iron and Steel Society, Nashville, TN, 52, Oct. 1994.

  9. Thomas, B. G., "Mathematical Modeling of Steel Continuous Casting Processes," 1994 National Science Foundation Design and Manufacturing Grantees Conference, MIT, Cambridge, MA, Jan. 5-7, 1994.

  10. Thomas, B.G., ed., "Mathematical Models of Continuous Casting of Steel Slabs," Annual Report to Continuous Casting Consortium, UIUC, August 18, 1994.

  11. Li, G., B. G. Thomas, B. Ho, G. Li, and N. Youssef, "CON1D V. 3.0 User Manual," Annual Report to Continuous Casting Consortium, Sept. 27, 1994.

  12. Thomas, B. G., "Considerations in Mold Powder Property Measurement." Report to AISI Metallurgical SubCommittee on Strand Casting, Feb. 8, 1994.

    Return to Top

1995
  1. Thomas, B. G., "Issues in Thermal-Mechanical Modeling of Casting Processes," Journal of Iron and Steel Institute of Japan International, 35:6, 737-743, 1995. Click here for a PDF version. (270 KB)

  2. Najjar, F. M., B. G. Thomas, and D. E. Hershey, "Numerical Study of Steady Turbulent Flow through Bifurcated Nozzles in Continuous Casting," Metallurgical and Materials Transactions B, 26B:4, 749-765, 1995. [Extraction and Processing Technology Award, 1998, TMS] Click here for a PDF version. (133 KB)

  3. Watson, J. W., X. Huang, and B. G. Thomas, "A Steel Composition Model for Continuous Slab Casting During a Grade Transition," Iron and Steelmaker, 22:3, 61-65, 1995. Click here for a more recent PDF version. (2.91 MB)

  4. Watson, J. W., X. Huang, and B. G. Thomas, "Casting Dissimilar Steel Grades," Steel Technology International, Peter H. Scholes, ed., Sterling Publications Limited, London, UK, 1995/96, 167-170, 1995. Click here for a more recent PDF version. (2.91 MB)

  5. Thomas, B. G., A. Moitra, and R. McDavid, "Simulation of Longitudinal Off-Corner Depressions in Continuously-Cast Steel Slabs," 13th Process Technology Conference Proceedings, Nashville, TN, April 2-5, 1995, Iron and Steel Society, Warrendale, PA, 143-156, 1995. Click here for a more recent PDF version. (3.28 MB)

  6. Rackers, K. and B. G. Thomas, "Clogging in Continuous Casting Tundish Nozzles," 78th Steelmaking Conference Proceedings, Nashville, TN, Iron and Steel Society, Warrendale, PA, 78, 723-734, 1995. Click here for a PDF version. (469 KB)

  7. Thomas, B. G., "Comments on the Industrial Application of Process Models," Materials Processing in the Computer Age II, V. R. Voller, et. al., eds., Las Vegas, NV, Feb. 17-21, 1995, The Minerals, Metals, and Materials Society, Warrendale, PA, 3-19, 1995.

  8. Li, G. and B. G. Thomas, "Transient Thermal Model of the Continuous Single-Wheel Thin-Strip Casting Process," Proceedings of the International Symposium on Near-Net-Shape Casting in the Minimills, Vancouver, Canada, Canadian Institute of Mining, Metallurgy, and Petroleum, Montreal, Canada, 373-387, Aug. 19-23, 1995.

  9. Thomas, B. G., A. Moitra, and H. Zhu, "Coupled Thermo-Mechanical Model of Solidifying Steel Shell Applied to Depression Defects in Continuous-Cast Slabs," Modeling of Casting, Welding, and Advanced Solidification Processes VII, London, England, 241-248, Sept. 10-15, 1995.

  10. Li, G. and B. G. Thomas, "Thermal and Mechanical Behavior of the First Wall in Fusion Reactors," 16th IEEE / NPSS Symposium on Fusion Engineering, UIUC, Champaign, IL, 406-409, Sept. 30-Oct. 5, 1995.

  11. Stubbins, J. F., P. Kurath, D. Drockelman, G. D. Morgan, J. McAfee, G. Li, and B. G. Thomas, "Analysis of Copper Alloy to Stainless Steel Bonded Panels for ITER First Wall Applications," 16th IEEE / NPSS Symposium on Fusion Engineering, UIUC, Champaign, IL, 174-177, Sept. 30-Oct. 5, 1995.

  12. Thomas, B.G., ed., "Mathematical Models of Continuous Casting of Steel Slabs," Annual Report to Continuous Casting Consortium, UIUC, August 17, 1995.

  13. Thomas, B.G., B. Ho, and G. Li, "Heat Flow Model of the Continuous Slab Casting Mold, Interface, and Shell", Report to Continuous Casting Consortium, UIUC, April 2, 1995.

  14. Thomas, B.G., B. Ho, and G. Li, "CON1D V. 3.1 User Manual," Report to Continuous Casting Consortium, Jan. 14, 1995.

  15. Stubbins, J. F., D. C. Drockelman, P. Kurath, K. D. Leedy, G. Li, J.L . McAfee, G. D. Morgan, K. T. Slattery, B. G. Thomas, and G. W. Wille, "Cu-Alloys to SS Joining Techniques Assessment, Development and Recommendation," Joint Mechanical Testing, Fracture Mechanics and Cyclic Fatigue Tests of Cu/SS and Cu/Be Welds, ITER Report, US/95/IV-BL-20, Dec. 1995.

    Return to Top

1996
  1. Thomas, B. G. and B. Ho, "Spread Sheet Model of Continuous Casting," Journal of Engineering for Industry, 118:1, 37-44, 1996. Click here for a PDF version. (1.78 MB)

  2. Thomas, B. G., A. Moitra, and R. McDavid, "Simulation of Longitudinal Off-Corner Depressions in Continuously Cast Steel Slabs," Iron and Steelmaker (ISS Transactions), 23:4, 57-70, 1996. Click here for a PDF version. (3.28 MB)

  3. Li, G. and B. G. Thomas, "Transient Thermal Model of the Continuous Single-Wheel Thin-Strip Casting Process," Metallurgical and Materials Transactions B, 27B:3, 509-525, 1996. Click here for a PDF version. (759 KB)

  4. Huang, X. and B. G. Thomas, "Intermixing Model of Continuous Casting During a Grade Transition," Metallurgical and Materials Transactions B, 27B:4, 617-632, Aug. 1996. [Robert W. Hunt Silver Medal, 1998, Iron and Steel Society] Click here for a PDF version. (2.91 MB)

  5. McDavid, R. and B. G. Thomas, "Flow and Thermal Behavior of the Top Surface Flux/Powder Layers in Continuous Casting Molds," Metallurgical and Materials Transactions B, 27B:4, 672-685, Aug. 1996. [Marcus A. Grossmann Award, 1997, ASM International; Extraction & Processing Tech. Award, 1998, TMS]. Click here for a PDF version. (2.35 MB)

  6. El-Bealy, M. and B. G. Thomas, "Prediction of Dendrite Arm Spacing for Low Alloy Steel Casting," Metallurgical and Materials Transactions B, Communications, 27B:4, 689-693, 1996.

  7. Thomas, B. G. and H. Zhu, "Thermal Distortion of Solidifying Shell in Continuous Casting of Steel, "Solidification Science and Processing, I. Ohnaka and D. M. Stefanescu, eds., Japan Inst. Metals 117th Fall Annual Meeting, Honolulu, HI, Dec. 13-15, 1995; The Minerals, Metals, and Materials Society, Warrendale, PA, 197-208, 1996. Click Here for a PDF version. (107 KB)

  8. Thomas, B. G., "Modeling Study of Intermixing in Tundish and Strand during a Continuous Casting Grade Transition," 79th Steelmaking Conference Proceedings, Pittsburgh, PA, 1996, Iron and Steel Society, Warrendale, PA, 79, 519-531, 1996. Click here for more recent PDF version. (1.95 MB)

  9. Thomas, B. G., “Modeling of Fluid Flow in the Mold of a Continuous Caster," U.S.-Japan Joint Seminar on Steelmaking Technology, Kimitsu, Chiba, Japan, 49-55, April 26-27, 1996.

  10. Huang, X. and B. G. Thomas, "Modeling of Transient Flow Phenomena in Continuous Casting of Steel," 35th Annual Conf. of Metallurgists, Canadian Inst. Met., Montreal, Canada, 129-145, Aug. 25-29, 1996. Click here for a more recent PDF version. (702 KB)

  11. El-Bealy, M. and B. G. Thomas, "Modeling of Solidification Behavior and Interdendritic Strain for Carbon Steel Casting Processes," 74th Electric Furnace Conference Proceedings, Dallas, TX, Iron and Steel Society, Warrendale, PA, 565-576, Dec. 9-11, 1996.

  12. Mareno, J. and B.G. Thomas, "Modeling of Tundish Nozzle Preheating", Report to Continuous Casting Consortium, UIUC, August 20, 1996.

  13. Thomas, B.G., ed., "Mathematical Models of Continuous Casting of Steel Slabs," Annual Report to Continuous Casting Consortium, UIUC, August 22, 1996.
  14. Return to Top

1997
  1. Thomas, B. G. and J. K. Brimacombe, “Process Modeling,” Chapter 8 in Advanced Physical Chemistry in Process Metallurgy, N. Sano, W. Lu, P. Riboud, eds., Academic Press, London, UK, 253-279, 1997. Click here for a PDF version. (82 KB)

  2. Miki, Y, Y. Shimada, B. G. Thomas, and A. Dennisov, “Model of Inclusion Removal During RH Degassing of Steel,” Iron and Steelmaker, 24;8, 31-38, 1997. Click here for a PDF version. (296 KB)

  3. Thomas, B. G., "Modeling Study of Intermixing in Tundish and Strand during a Continuous-Casting Grade Transition," Iron and Steelmaker (ISS Transactions), 24:12, 83-96, 1997. [Robert W. Hunt Silver Medal, 1999, Iron and Steel Society] Click here for a PDF version. (1.95 MB)

  4. Thomas, B. G., D. Lui, and B. Ho, "Effect of Transverse Depressions and Oscillation Marks on Heat Transfer in the Continuous Casting Mold," TMS Annual Meeting, Orlando, FL, in Sensors and Modeling in Materials Processing: Techniques and Applications, S. Viswanathan, R. G. Reddy, and J. C. Malas, eds., The Minerals, Metals, and Materials Society, Warrendale, PA, 117-142, Feb. 9-13, 1997. Click here for a PDF version. (663 KB)

  5. Miki, Y., B. G. Thomas, A. Dennisov, and Y. Shimada, "Model of Inclusion Removal During RH Degassing of Steel," 80th Steelmaking Conference Proceedings, Iron and Steel Society, Warrendale, PA, Chicago, IL, 37-45, April 13-16, 1997. [Frank B. McKune Award, 1997, Iron and Steel Society] Click here for a PDF version. (295 KB)

  6. Thomas, B. G., G. Li, A. Moitra, and D. Habing, "Analysis of Thermal and Mechanical Behavior of Copper Molds during Continuous Casting of Steel Slabs," 80th Steelmaking Conference Proceedings, Iron and Steel Society, Warrendale, PA, Chicago, IL, 183-201, April 13-16, 1997. [Steelmaking Conference Award, 1997, ISS and Charles H. Herty, Jr. Award, 1998, Iron and Steel Society] Click here for a PDF version. (1.00 MB)

  7. Thomas, B. G., A. Dennisov, and H. Bai, "Behavior of Argon Bubbles during Continuous Casting of Steel," 80th Steelmaking Conference Proceedings, Iron and Steel Society, Warrendale, PA, Chicago, IL, 375-384, April 13-16, 1997. Click here for a PDF version. (632 KB)

  8. Jenkins, M. and B. G. Thomas, "An Investigation of Some Mould Powder Related Start-up Problems," 80th Steelmaking Conference Proceedings, Iron and Steel Society, Warrendale, PA, Chicago, IL, 285-293, April 13-16, 1997. Click here for a PDF version. (605 KB)

  9. Samarasekera, I. V., B. G. Thomas, and J. K. Brimacombe, “The Frontiers of Continuous Casting and Mathematical Modelling,” Julian Szekely Memorial Symposium on Materials Processing,” M.I.T., Boston, MA, 275-297, Oct. 5-8, 1997.

  10. Thomas, B. G. and J. T. Parkman, “Simulation of Thermal Mechanical Behavior during Initial Solidification,” Thermec 97, Proceedings of the International Conference on Thermomechanical Processing of Steel and Other Materials, Wollongong, Australia, T. Chandra, ed., The Minerals, Metals, and Materials Society, Warrendale, PA, II, 2279-2285, July 7-11, 1997. Click here for a PDF version. (280 KB)

  11. Ridolfi, M. R., B. G. Thomas, G. Li, and U. Della Foglia, “The Optimization of Mold Taper for the Ilva- Dalmine Round Bloom Caster,” in Continuous Casting, Iron and Steel Society, Warrendale, PA, 9, 259-269, 1997 (reprinted from La Revue de Metallurgie – CIT, 91:2, 609-620, 1994). Click here for a PDF version. (163 KB)

  12. Thomas, B. G., A. Moitra, and R. McDavid, “Simulation of Longitudinal Off-Corner Depressions in Continuously Cast Steel Slabs,” in Continuous Casting, Iron and Steel Society, Warrendale, PA, 9, 337-350, 1997 (reprinted from Iron and Steelmaker (ISS Transactions), 23:4, 57-70, 1996). Click here for a PDF version. (3.28 MB)

  13. Thomas, B.G., ed., "Mathematical Models of Continuous Casting of Steel Slabs," Annual Report to Continuous Casting Consortium, UIUC, August 21, 1997.

    Return to Top

1998
  1. Thomas, B. G. and C. Beckermann, Modeling of Casting, Welding, and Advanced Solidification Processes VIII, B. G. Thomas and C. Beckermann, eds., (Proceedings of the International Symposium on Modeling of Casting, Welding, and Advanced Solification, held in San Diego, CA, June 7-12, 1998), The Minerals, Metals, and Materials Society, Warrendale, PA, 1257 pages, 1998. Click here to see the Table of Contents. (39 KB)

  2. Huang, X. and B. G. Thomas, “Modeling of Transient Flow Phenomena in Continuous Casting of Steel,” Canadian Metallurgical Quarterly, 37:3-4, 197-212, 1998. Click here for a PDF version. (702 KB)

  3. Thomas, B. G., G. Li, A. Moitra, and D. Habing, “Analysis of Thermal and Mechanical Behavior of Copper Molds During Continuous Casting of Steel Slabs,” Iron and Steelmaker (ISS Transactions), 25:10, 125-143, 1998. Click here for a PDF version. (1.00 MB)

  4. Thomas, B. G. and J. T. Parkman, “Simulation of Thermal Distortion of a Steel Droplet Solidifying on a Copper Chill,” in Solidification and Deposition of Molten Metal Droplets, TMS Annual Meeting, San Antonio, TX, Feb. 15-19, 1998; in Solidification 98, S. Marsh, J. Dantzig, R. Trivedi, W. Hofmeister, M. Chu, E. Lavernia, and J. Chun, eds., The Minerals, Metals, and Materials Society, Warrendale, PA, 509-520, 1998. Click here for a PDF version. (203 KB)

  5. Thomas, B. G., R. J. O’Malley, and D. T. Stone, “Measurement of Temperature, Solidification, and Microstructure in a Continuous Cast Thin Slab,” Modeling of Casting, Welding, and Advanced Solidification Processes VIII, San Diego, CA, 1185-1199, June 7-12, 1998. [Best Experimental Paper Award, 1998, MCWASP VIII] Click here for a PDF version. (1.65 MB)

  6. Wurker, L. C., M. Fackelday, P. R. Sahm, and B. G. Thomas, “Thermal Stress and Crack Prediction of Investment Cast Alloy,” Modeling of Casting, Welding, and Advanced Solidification Processes VIII, San Diego, CA, 795-802, June 7-12, 1998. Click here for a PDF version. (271 KB)

  7. Thomas, B. G., B. Ho, and G. Li, “Heat Flow Model of the Continuous Slab Casting Mold, Interface, and Shell,” Proceedings of the Alex McLean Symposium, Toronto, Canada, 177-193, July 12-14, 1998. Click here for a PDF version. (982 KB)

  8. Miki, Y. and B.G. Thomas, "Mathematical Modeling of Inclusion Separation in Tundish", CAMP-Iron and Steel Inst. of Japan, Vol. 11, No. 4, Tokyo, Japan, 1998, pp. 870, (in Japanese).

  9. Creech, D. and B. G. Thomas, “3-D Turbulent Multiphase Modeling of Molten Steel Flow and Heat Transfer in a Continuous Slab Caster,” CFX User Meeting, Wilmington, DE, Oct. 1, 1998. Click here for a PDF version. (221 KB)

  10. Bai, H. and B. G. Thomas, “Two Phase Fluid Flow in Continuous Casting Nozzles,” Report to Continuous Casting Consortium, UIUC, Mar. 16, 1998.

  11. Thomas, B.G., ed., "Mathematical Models of Continuous Casting of Steel Slabs," Annual Report to Continuous Casting Consortium, UIUC, August 21, 1998.

  12. Return to Top

1999
  1. Miki, Y. and B. G. Thomas, “Modeling of Inclusion Removal in a Tundish,” Metallurgical and Materials Transactions B, 30B:4, 639-654, 1999. Click here for a PDF version. (944 KB)

  2. Stone, D. T. and B. G. Thomas, “Measurement and Modeling of Heat Transfer Across Interfacial Mold Flux Layers,” Canadian Metallurgical Quarterly, 38:5, 363-375, 1999. [Best Paper Award, 2000, Canadian Institute of Mining and Metallurgy]. Click here for a PDF version. (1.14 MB)

  3. Thomas, B. G. and S. P. Vanka, “Study of Transient Flow Structures in the Continuous Casting of Steel,” Proceedings of the 1999 NSF Design and Manufacturing Grantees Conference, Long Beach, CA, Jan. 1999. Click here for a PDF version (198 KB)

  4. Thomas, B. G., “University-Steel Industry Interaction,” 40th Congreso Latinoamericano De Siderurgia (ILAFA 40 Congress Proceedings, Buenos Aires, Argentina, Sept. 12-15, 1999) 65-67 (in Spanish), 1999. Click here for a PDF version (English Translation). (18.8 KB)

  5. Thomas, B. G., H. Bai, S. Sivaramakrishnan, and S. P. Vanka, “Detailed Simulation of Flow in Continuous Casting of Steel Using K-e, LES, and PIV,” International Symposium on Cutting Edge of Computer Simulation of Solidification and Processes, Osaka, Japan, 113-128, Nov. 1999. Click here for a PDF version. (853 KB)

  6. Miki, Y. and B. G. Thomas, “Model of Inclusion Removal during RH Degassing of Steel,” Iron and Steel Institute of Japan, Final Report of Ultra Clean Steel Research Group (meeting held in Sendai, Japan, Feb. 1998), III-3:9511, 241-253 (in Japanese), 1999.

  7. Vanka, S. P. and B. G. Thomas, “Large Eddy Simulation of Turbulent Flow in Continuous Casting of Steel,” Continuous Casting Consortium Report presented at the ASME International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition, Nov. 19, 1999.

  8. Sivaramakrishnan, S., B. G. Thomas, and S. P. Vanka, “Investigation of Transient Turbulent Flow in a Water Model using LES Calculations and PIV Experiments,” Continuous Casting Consortium Report, UIUC, Aug. 5, 1999.

  9. Subramanian, S., B. G. Thomas, and S. P. Vanka, “Heat Transfer from an Impinging Steel Jet Using LES Models,” Continuous Casting Consortium Report, UIUC, Aug. 19, 1999.

  10. Thomas, B.G., ed., "Mathematical Models of Continuous Casting of Steel Slabs," Annual Report to Continuous Casting Consortium, University of Illinois, August 19, 1999.

    Return to Top

2000
  1. Thomas, B. G., "Metals Processing," Chapter 14 in Structure, Processing, and Properties of Engineering Materials, J. Adams, ed., Addison Wesley, 2000. Click here for a PDF version. (2.13 MB)

  2. Li, G., B. G. Thomas, and J. F. Stubbins, “Modeling Creep and Fatigue of Copper Alloys,” Metallurgical and Materials Transaction A, 31A:10, 2491 – 2502, 2000. Click here for a PDF version. (391 KB)

  3. Thomas, B. G. and S. P. Vanka, “Study of Transient Flow Structures in the Continuous Casting of Steel,” Proceedings of the 2000 NSF Design and Manufacturing Grantees Conference, Vancouver, Canada, Jan. 3-6, 2000; NSF, Washington, D.C., 14 pp., 2000. Click here for a PDF version. (654 KB)

  4. Sivaramakrishnan, S., B. G. Thomas, and S. P. Vanka, “Large Eddy Simulation of Turbulent Flow in Continuous Casting of Steel,” Materials Processing in the Computer Age III, Nashville, TN, March 12-16, 2000; V. Voller and H. Henein, eds., The Minerals, Metals, and Materials Society Annual Meeting, Nashville, TN, The Minerals, Metals, and Materials Society, Warrendale, PA, 189-198, March 12-16, 2000. Click here for a PDF version. (426 KB)

  5. Bai, H. and B. G. Thomas, “Two Phase Flow in Tundish Nozzles during Continuous Casting of Steel,” Materials Processing in the Computer Age III, Nashville, TN, March 12-16, 2000; V. Voller and H. Henein, eds., The Minerals, Metals, and Materials Society Annual Meeting, Nashville, TN, The Minerals, Metals, and Materials Society, Warrendale, PA, 85-99, March 12-16, 2000. Click here for a PDF version. (932 KB)

  6. Sivaramakrishnan, S., H. Bai, B. G. Thomas, S. P. Vanka, P. Dauby, and M. Assar, “Transient Flow Structures in Continuous Cast Steel,” Proceedings of the 59th Ironmaking Conference, Pittsburgh, PA, March 26-29, 2000; 59, 541–557, Iron and Steel Society, Warrendale, PA, 2000. Click here for a PDF version. (2.21 MB)

  7. Bai, H. and B. G. Thomas, “Effect of Clogging, Argon Injection and Casting Conditions on Flow Rate and Air Aspiration in Submerged Entry Nozzles,” Proceedings of the 59th Ironmaking Conference, Pittsburgh, PA, March 26-29, 2000; 83, 183-197, Iron and Steel Society, Warrendale, PA, 2000. Click here for a PDF version. (1.41 MB)

  8. Park, J-K., I. V. Samarasekera, B. G. Thomas, and U-S. Yoon, “Analysis of Thermal and Mechanical Behavior of Copper Mould during Thin Slab Casting,” Proceedings of the 59th Ironmaking Conference Proceedings, Pittsburgh, PA, March 26-29, 2000; 83, 9-21, Iron and Steel Society, Warrendale, PA, 2000. Click here for a PDF version. (129 KB)

  9. Thomas, B. G., R. O'Malley, T. Shi, Y. Meng, D. Creech, and D. Stone, “Validation of Fluid Flow and Solidification Simulation of a Continuous Thin Slab Caster,” Modeling of Casting, Welding, and Advanced Solidification Processes - IX, Aachen, Germany, Aug. 20-25, 2000; P. Sahm, ed., Shaker Verlag, 769-776, Aachen, Germany, 2000. Click here for a PDF version. (2.98 MB)

  10. Thomas, B. G., “The Importance of Numerical Simulations for Further Improvements of the Continuous Casting Process,” 8th International Continuous Casting Conference, Voest Alpine I., Linz, Austria, 7.1-7.11, June 5–7, 2000. Click here for a PDF version. (895 KB)

  11. Li, C. and Thomas, B. G., “Analysis of the Potential Productivity of Continuous Cast Molds,” The Brimacombe Memorial Symposium, Vancouver, Canada, Oct. 1-4, 2000; G. Irons and A. Cramb, eds., Canadian Institute of Mining, Metallurgy, and Petroleum, Montreal, Canada, 595-611, 2000. Click here for a PDF version. (381 KB)

  12. Thomas, B.G., ed., "Mathematical Models of Continuous Casting of Steel Slabs," Annual Report to Continuous Casting Consortium, University of Illinois, September 25, 2000.
  13. Return to Top

2001
  1. Thomas, B. G., “Continuous Casting of Steel,” Chapter 15 in Modeling for Casting and Solidification Processing,” O. Yu, ed., Marcel Dekker, New York, NY, 499-540, 2001. Click here for a PDF version. (2.41 MB)

  2. Thomas, B.G., "Continuous Casting", The Encyclopedia of Materials: Science and Technology, K.H. J. Buschow, R. Cahn, M. Flemings, B. Ilschner, E. J. Kramer, S. Mahajan, (D. Apelian, subject ed.) Elsevier Science Ltd., Oxford, UK, Vol. 2, 2001, pp. 1595-1599; Click here for a PDF version (96 KB)

  3. Thomas, B. G., “Continuous Casting: Complex Models,” The Encyclopedia of Materials: Science and Technology, K. H. J. Buschow, R. Cahn, M. Flemings, B. Ilschner, E. J. Kramer, S. Mahajan, eds. (J. Dantzig, subject ed.), Elsevier Science Ltd., Oxford, United Kingdom, Vol. 2, 1599-1609, 2001 Click here for a PDF version. (895 KB)

  4. Bai, H. and B. G. Thomas, “Turbulent Flow of Liquid Steel and Argon Bubbles in Slide-Gate Tundish Nozzles, Part I, Model Development and Validation,” Metallurgical and Materials Transactions B, 32B:2, 253-267, 2001. Click here for a PDF version. (1.26 MB)

  5. Bai, H. and B. G. Thomas, “Turbulent Flow of Liquid Steel and Argon Bubbles in Slide-Gate Tundish Nozzles, Part II, Effect of Operation Conditions and Nozzle Design,” Metallurgical and Materials Transactions B, 32B:2, 269-284, 2001. Click here for a PDF version. (1.94 MB)

  6. Won, Y-M. and B. G. Thomas, “Simple Model of Microsegregation During Solidification of Steels,” Metallurgical and Materials Transactions A, 32A:7, 1755-1767, 2001. Click here for a PDF version. (449 KB)

  7. Bai, H. and B. G. Thomas, “Effects of Clogging, Argon Injection, and Continuous Casting Conditions on Flow and Air Aspiration in Submerged Entry Nozzles,” Metallurgical and Materials Transactions B, 32B:4, 707-722, 2001. Click here for a PDF version. (0.99 MB)

  8. Thomas, B. G., Q. Yuan, S. Sivaramakrishnan, T. Shi, S. P. Vanka, and M. B. Assar, “Comparison of Four Methods to Evaluate Fluid Velocities in a Continuous Slab Casting Mold,” Iron Steel Institute Japan (ISIJ) International, 41:10, 1262-1271, 2001. Click here for a PDF version. (776 KB)

  9. Thomas, B. G. and L. Zhang, “Review: Mathematical Modeling of Fluid Flow in Continuous Casting,” Iron Steel Institute Japan (ISIJ) International, 41:10, 1181-1193, 2001. Click here for a PDF version. (1.33 MB)

  10. Bai, H. and B. G. Thomas, “Bubble Formation during Horizontal Gas Injection into Downward-Flowing Liquid,” Metallurgical and Materials Transactions B, 32B:6, 1143-1159, 2001. Click here for a PDF version. (784 KB)

  11. Vanka, S. P. and B. G. Thomas, “Study of Transient Flow Structures in the Continuous Casting of Steel,” Proceedings of the NSF Design and Manufacturing Grantees Conference, Tampa, FL, Jan. 7-10, 2001; NSF, Washington, D.C., 14 pp., 2001. Click here for a PDF version. (497 KB)

  12. Yuan, Q., T. Shi, B. G. Thomas, and S. P. Vanka, “Simulation of Fluid Flow in the Continuous Casting of Steel,” Computational Modeling of Materials, Minerals and Metals Processing, Seattle, WA, 2002; Cross, Bailey, and Evans, eds., The Minerals, Metals, and Materials Society, Warrendale, PA, 491-500, 2001. Click here for a PDF version. (2.70 MB)

  13. Thomas, B. G. and H. Bai, “Tundish Nozzle Clogging–Application of Computational Models,” Proceedings of the 18th Process Technology Conference, Baltimore, MA, March 25-28, 2001, 84, 895-912, Iron and Steel Society, Warrendale, PA, 2001. Click here for a PDF version. (1.51 MB)

  14. Yuan, Q., S. P. Vanka, and B. G. Thomas, “Large Eddy Simulations of Turbulent Flow and Inclusion Transport in Continuous Casting of Steel,” Proceedings of 2nd International Symposium on Turbulent and Shear Flow Phenomena, Royal Institute of Technology (KTH), Stockholm, Sweden, 2, 519-524, June 27-29, 2001. Click here for a PDF version. (1.69 MB)

  15. Bernhard, C., B. G. Thomas, G. Xia, and C. Chimani, “Simulation of Solidification and Microstructure in Continuous Casting,” Berg- und Huettenmaennische Monatshefte, Jg. Heft. 9, 146, 376-385, 2001.

  16. Thomas, B. G., “Modeling of the Continuous Casting of Steel: Past, Present and Future,” 59th Electric Furnace Conference, Phoenix, AZ, 3-30, 2001; Iron and Steel Society, Warrendale, PA, 2001. [J. Keith Brimacombe Memorial Lecture, 2001, Iron and Steel Society] Click here for a PDF version. (2.15 MB)

  17. Thomas, B.G., M. Langeneckert, G. DiGresia, and M. Dziuba, "Optimization of Narrow-Face Water Slot Design for the Siderar Slab Casting Mold", Instituto Argentino de Siderurgia, San Nicolas, Argentina, Report ACE 01 051/E, June 19, 2001, pp. 1-12.

  18. Shi, T. and B. G. Thomas, “Argon Injection Optimization in Continuous Slab Casting,” Continuous Casting Consortium Report, University of Illinois, Sept. 2001.

  19. Thomas, B.G. and T. Morthland, "3-D Heat Transfer Analysis of Columbus Slab Casting Mold," Research Report to Columbus Steel, Aug. 15, 2001, 42p.

  20. Li, C., J. K. Roplekar, R. K. Huff, B. G. Thomas, and R. J. Feller, “Development of a Hot Tear Prediction Module in ABAQUS,” Caterpillar Report, 2001.

  21. Thomas, B.G., ed., "Mathematical Models of Continuous Casting of Steel Slabs," Annual Report to Continuous Casting Consortium, University of Illinois, October 18, 2001.

    Return to Top

2002
  1. Park, J. K., B. G. Thomas, I. V. Samarasekera, and U. S. Yoon, “Thermal and Mechanical Behavior of Copper Moulds During Thin Slab Casting (I): Plant Trial and Mathematical Modelling,” Metallurgical and Materials Transactions B, 33B, 425-436, 2002. Click here for a PDF version. (1.61 MB)

  2. Park, J-K., B. G. Thomas, I. V. Samarasekera, and U. S. Yoon, “Thermal and Mechanical Behavior of Copper Moulds During Thin Slab Casting (II): Mould Crack Formation,” Metallurgical and Materials Transactions B, 33B, 437-449, 2002. Click here for a PDF version. (5.00 MB)

  3. Park, J. K, B. G. Thomas, and I. V. Samarasekera, “Analysis of Thermomechanical Behaviour in Billet Casting with Different Mold Corner Radii,” Ironmaking and Steelmaking, 29:5, 359-375, 2002. Click here for a PDF version. (1.02 MB)

  4. Thomas, B. G., “Modeling of the Continuous Casting of Steel--Past, Present and Future,” Mettallurgical and Materials Transactions B, 33B, 795-812, 2002. Click here for a PDF version. (2.10 MB)

  5. Thomas, B. G. “Casting Process Simulation and Visualization: A JOM-e Perspective,” Journal of Metals, 54:1, 20-21, Jan. 2002. Available Online or Click here for a PDF version (219 KB)

  6. Thomas, B. G., Q. Yuan, S. Sivaramakrishnan, and S. P. Vanka, "Transient Fluid Flow in the Continuous Steel-slab Casting Mold", JOM-e, (Journal of Metals - electronic edition), 54:1, Jan. 2002. Availalbe Online or Click here for a PDF version (997 KB)

  7. Thomas, B. G. and S. P. Vanka, “Study of Transient Flow Structures in the Continuous Casting of Steel,” Proceedings of the NSF Design, Service, Manufacturing and Industrial Innovation Research Conference, San Juan, Puerto Rico, National Science Foundation, Washington, D.C., 22 pp., Jan. 7-10, 2002. Click here for a PDF version. (1.04 MB)

  8. Li, C. and B. G. Thomas, “Maximum Casting Speed for Continuous Cast Steel Billets Based on Sub-Mold Bulging Computation,” Proceedings of the 85th Steelmaking Conference, Iron and Steel Society-AIME, Warrendale, PA, 109-130, 2002. Click here for a PDF version. (5.77 MB)

  9. Zhang, L., W. Pluschkell, and B. G. Thomas, “Nucleation and Growth of Alumina Inclusions During Steel Deoxidation,” Proceedings of the 85th Steelmaking Conference, Iron and Steel Society-AIME, Warrendale, PA, 463-476, 2002. Click here for a PDF version. (204 KB)

  10. Zhang, L., B. G. Thomas, X. Wang, and K. Cai, “Evaluation and Control of Steel Cleanliness - A Review,” Proceedings of the 85th Steelmaking Conference, Iron and Steel Society-AIME, Warrendale, PA, 431-452, 2002. Click here for a PDF version. (280 KB)

  11. Yoon, U.-S., J.-K. Park, B. G. Thomas, and I. V. Samarasekera, “Mold Crack Formation of the Funnel Shaped Mold during Thin Slab Casting,” Proceedings of the 85th Steelmaking Conference, Iron and Steel Society-AIME, Warrendale, PA, 245-257, 2002. Click here for a PDF version. (1.24 MB)

  12. Thomas, B.G., M. Langeneckert, L. Castellá, M. Dziuba, G. DiGresia, and W. Balante, "Optimization of Narrow-Face Water Slot Design for the Siderar Slab Casting Mold", 85th Steelmaking Conference Proceedings, ISS-AIME, Warrendale, PA, 2002, 87-95; (reprinted in 33º Seminário de Fusão, refino e Solidificação dos Metais, Associação Brasileira de Metalurgia e Materiais, Brazil, de 06 a 08 de maio de 2002, em Santos - S.P.) Click here for a PDF version. (446 KB)

  13. Zhang, L. and B. G. Thomas, “Alumina Inclusion Behavior During Steel Deoxidation,” 7th European Electric Steelmaking Conference Proceedings, Vol. 2, May 26-29, 2002, Venice, Italy, Associazione Italiana di Metallurgia, Milano, Italy, 2.77-2.86, 2002. Click here for a PDF version. (237 KB)

  14. Park, J-K., C. Li, B. G. Thomas, and I. V. Samarasekera, “Analysis of Thermo-Mechanical Behavior in Billet Casting,” 60th Electric Furnace Conference, San Antonio, TX, Nov. 10-12, ISS-AIME, Warrendale, PA, 669-685, 2002. Click here for a PDF version. (791 KB)

  15. Li, C. and B. G. Thomas, “Thermo-Mechanical Finite Element Model of Shell Behavior in the Continuous Casting of Steel,” Sixth Asia-Pacific Symposium on Engineering Plasticity and Its Applications, Sydney, NSW, Australia, Trans. Tech, 827-834, 2002. Click here for a PDF version. (1.75 MB)

  16. Lin, K.-J., and B. G. Thomas, “Thermal Stress Analysis of Bulging with Roll Misalignment for Vrious Slab Cooling Intensities,” China Steel Technical Reports, No. 16, 9-14, 2002.

  17. Li, C., B. G. Thomas, and C. Ojeda, “Ideal Taper Prediction for High-Speed Billet Casting,” Continuous Casting Consortium Report, University of Illinois, Part I, July 9, 2002; Part II, October 15, 2002.

  18. Thomas, B. G., and T. Morthland, “3-D Transient Heat Transfer Analysis of Columbus Slab Casting Mold,” Continuous Casting Consortium Report, UIUC, 42, Dec. 15, 2002.

  19. Thomas, B.G., ed., "Mathematical Models of Continuous Casting of Steel Slabs," Annual Report to Continuous Casting Consortium, University of Illinois, October 15, 2002.

    Return to Top

2003
  1. Thomas, B. G. “Modeling of Continuous Casting,” Chapter 5 in Making, Shaping and Treating of Steel, 11th Edition, Vol. 5, Casting Volume, A. Cramb, ed., AISE Steel Foundation, Pittsburgh, PA, 5.1-5.24, 2003. Click here for a PDF version. (3.6 MB)

  2. Thomas, B. G. “Fluid Flow in the Mold,” Chapter 14 in Making, Shaping and Treating of Steel, 11th Edition, Vol. 5, Casting Volume, A. Cramb, ed., AISE Steel Foundation, Pittsburgh, PA, Oct., 14.1-14.41, 2003. Click here for a PDF version. (2.9 MB)

  3. Thomas, B. G., “Modeling Study of Intermixing in Tundish and Strand during a Continuous Casting Grade Transition,” in Continuous Casting Vol. 10, Tundish Operations, Iron and Steel Society, Warrendale, PA, 2003, 115-127 (reprinted from Iron and Steelmaker (ISS Transactions), Vol. 24:12, Iron and Steel Society, Warrendale, PA, 1997, 83-96). Click here for a PDF version. (2.0 MB)

  4. Rackers, K. G. and B. G. Thomas, “Clogging in Continuous Casting Nozzles,” in Continuous Casting Vol. 10 Tundish Operations, Iron and Steel Society, Warrendale, PA, 264-274, 2003, (reprinted from 78th Steelmaking Conference Proceedings, Iron and Steel Society, Nashville, TN, Vol. 78, 723-734, April 2, 1995). Click here for a PDF version. (469 KB)

  5. Zhang, L., B. G. Thomas, X. Wang, and K. Cai, “Evaluation and Control of Steel Cleanliness – Review,” in Continuous Casting Vol. 10 Tundish Operations, Iron and Steel Society, Warrendale, PA, 303-321, 2003, (reprinted from 85th Steelmaking Conference Proceedings, Nashville, TN, ISS Vol. 85, 431-452, March 10-13, 2002). Click here for a PDF version. (283 KB)

  6. Zhang, L. and B. G. Thomas, “State of the Art in Evaluation and Control of Steel Cleanliness,” ISIJ International, 43:3, 271-291, 2003. Click here for a PDF version. (1.87 MB)

  7. Meng, Y. and B. G. Thomas, “Heat-Transfer and Solidification Model of Continuous Slab Casting: CON1D,” Metallurgical & Materials Transactions B, 34B:5, 685-705, 2003. Click here for a PDF version. (844 KB)

  8. Meng, Y. and B. G. Thomas, “Modeling Transient Slag-Layer Phenomena in the Shell/Mold Gap in Continuous Casting of Steel,” Metallurgical & Materials Transactions B, 34B:5, 707-725, 2003. Click here for a PDF version. (1.04 MB)

  9. Thomas, B. G., M. Langeneckert, L. Castellá, M. Dziuba, G. DiGresia, and W. Balante, “Optimization of Narrow Face Water Slot Design for the Siderar Slab Casting Mould,” Ironmaking and Steelmaking, 30:3, 235-239, 2003. Click here for a PDF version. (585 KB)

  10. Li, C. and B. G. Thomas, “Thermo-Mechanical Finite-Element Model of Shell Behavior in the Continuous Casting of Steel,” Key Engineering Materials, Trans. Tech. Publications, Switzerland, Vols. 233-236, 827- 834, 2003, (reprinted from Sixth Asia-Pacific Symposium on Engineering Plasticity and Its Applications, Sydney, NSW, Australia, Trans. Tech., 827-834, December 2-6, 2002). Click here for a PDF version. (481 KB)

  11. F. Kongoli, B. G. Thomas, and K. Sawamiphadki, eds., Modeling, Control and Optimization in Ferrous and Nonferrous Industry, (Proceedings of the International Symposium at the ISS/TMS Materials Science & Technology Conference in Chicago, IL., Nov. 10-12, 2003), TMS, Warrendale, PA, 573 pages, 2003. Click here for a PDF description. (675 KB)

  12. Thomas, B. G., Q. Yuan, L. Zhang, and S. P. Vanka; “Flow Dynamics and Inclusion Transport in Continuous Casting of Steel,” 2003 NSF Design, Service, and Manufacturing Grantees and Research Conference Proceedings, R. G. Reddy, ed., Birmingham, AL, Jan. 6-9, 2003, University of Alabama, Tuscaloosa, AL, 2328-2362, 2003. Click here for a PDF version. (675 KB)

  13. Li, C. and B. G. Thomas, “Thermo-Mechanical Finite Element Model of Bulging and Hot Tearing During Continuous Casting of Steel Billets,” Modeling of Casting, Welding, and Advanced Solidification Processes - X, San Destin, FL, May 25-30, 2003, D. Stefanescu, J. Warren, M. Jolly, and M. Krane, eds., The Metallurgical Society, Warrendale, PA, 385-392, May 2003. Click here for a PDF abstract. (15 KB)

  14. Thomas, B. G. and C. Ojeda, “Ideal Taper Prediction for Slab Casting,” Manfred Wolf Memorial Symposium Proceedings, Indianapolis, IN, Apr. 27-30, 2003, ISS-AIME, Warrendale, PA, 295-308, April 2003. Click here for a PDF version. (583 KB)

  15. Li, C. and B. G. Thomas., “Ideal Taper Prediction for Billet Casting,” ISSTech 2003 Steelmaking Conference Proceedings, Indianapolis, IN, Apr. 27-30, 2003, ISS-AIME, Warrendale, PA, 685-700, April 2003. Click here for a PDF version. (742 KB)

  16. Meng, Y. and B. G. Thomas, “Interfacial Friction-Related Phenomena in Continuous Casting with Mold Slags,” ISSTech 2003 Steelmaking Conference Proceedings, Indianapolis, IN, Apr. 27-30, 2003, ISS AIME, Warrendale, PA, 589-606, April 2003. Click here for a PDF version. (532 KB)

  17. Yuan, Q., B. G. Thomas, and P. Vanka, “Turbulent Flow and Particle Motion in Continuous Slab-Casting Molds,” ISSTech 2003 Process Technology Proceedings, Indianapolis, IN, Apr. 27-30, 2003, ISS-AIME, Warrendale, PA, 913-927, April 2003. [Robert W. Hunt Silver Medal, 2004, Association for Iron and Steel Technology] Click here for a PDF version. (2.2 MB)

  18. Zhang, L., B. G. Thomas, K. Cai, J. Cui, and L. Zhu, “Inclusion Investigation during Clean Steel Production at Baosteel,” ISSTech 2003 Steelmaking Conference Proceedings, Indianapolis, IN, Apr. 27-30, 2003, ISS-AIME, Warrendale, PA, 141-156, April 2003. Click here for a PDF version. (1.2 MB)

  19. Yuan, Q., S. P. Vanka and B. G. Thomas, “Large Eddy Simulations of Transient Flow during Continuous Slab Casting of Steel,” 3rd International Symposium on Turbulence and Shear Flow Phenomena, Sendai, Japan, 25-27 June, 2003, Conference Proceedings, 2,.681-686, June 2003. Click here for a PDF version. (768 KB)

  20. Thomas, B. G., “On-line Detection of Quality Problems in Continuous Casting of Steel,” in Modeling, Control and Optimization in Ferrous and Nonferrous Industry, Materials Science & Technology 2003, F. Kongoli, B. G. Thomas, and K. Sawamiphakdi, eds., Chicago, IL, Nov. 10-12, 2003, TMS, Warrendale, PA, 29-45, 2003. Click here for a PDF version. (1.6 MB)

  21. Zhang, L. and B. G. Thomas, “Inclusions in Continuous Casting of Steel,” Proceedings XXIV Nat. Steelmaking Symp., Morelia, Mich, Mexico, Nov. 26-28, 184-198, 2003. Click here for a PDF version. (2.4 MB)

  22. Zhang, L. and B. G. Thomas, “Fluid Flow and Inclusion Motion in the Continuous Casting Strand,” Proceedings XXIV Nat. Steelmaking Symp., Morelia, Mich, Mexico, Nov. 26-28, 138-183, 2003. Click here for a PDF version. (4.3 MB)

  23. Thomas, B. G., M. Dziuba, and G. DiGresia, “Study of CC Narrow-Face Taper Design: Influence of Casting Speed and Steel Composition,” Proceedings of the 14th IAS Steelmaking Conference, San Nicolas, Argentina, 87-95, Nov. 10-13, 2003. Click here for a PDF version. (687 KB)

  24. Zhang, L. and B. G. Thomas, “Literature Review: Inclusions in Steel Ingot Casting,” Report to Ingot Metallurgy Forum, 1-82, June 30, 2003.

  25. Zhang, L. and B. G. Thomas, “Inclusion Nucleation, Growth, and Mixing during Steel Deoxidation,” Continuous Casting Report, 1-19, March 2002; revised Sept. 2003.

    Return to Top

2004
  1. Thomas, B. G., “Continuous Casting,” Yearbook of Science and Technology, McGraw-Hill, New York, NY, 62-65, 2004. Click here for a PDF version (848 KB)

  2. Li, C. and B. G. Thomas, “Thermo-Mechanical Finite-Element Model of Shell Behavior in Continuous Casting of Steel,” Metallurgical and Materials Transactions B, 35B:6, 1151-1172, 2004. Click here for a PDF version (1.1 MB)

  3. Yuan, Q., B. G. Thomas, and S. P. Vanka, “Study of Transient Flow and Particle Transport during
    Continuous Casting of Steel Slabs, Part 1. Fluid Flow,” Metallurgical and Materials Transactions B, 35B:4, 685-702, 2004. Click here for a PDF version (3.2 MB)

  4. Yuan, Q., B. G. Thomas, and S. P. Vanka, “Study of Transient Flow and Particle Transport during
    Continuous Casting of Steel Slabs, Part 2. Particle Transport,” Metallurgical and Materials Transactions B, 35B:4, 703-714, 2004. Click here for a PDF version (2.0 MB)

  5. Yuan, Q., S. Sivaramakrishnan, S. P. Vanka, and B. G. Thomas, “Computational and Experimental Study of Turbulent Flow in a 0.4-Scale Water Model of a Continuous Steel Caster,” Metallurgical and Materials Transactions B, 35B:5, 967-982, 2004. Click here for a PDF version (2.2 MB)

  6. Thomas, B. G., M. Jenkins, and R. B. Mahapatra "Investigation of Strand Surface Defects Using Mold Instrumentation and Modelling," Ironmaking & Steelmaking, 31, 485-494, 2004. Click here for a PDF version (287 KB)

  7. Meng, Y., C. Li, J. Parkman, and B. G. Thomas, “Simulation of Shrinkage and Stress in Solidifying Steel Shells of Different Grades,” Solidification Processes and Microstructures: A Symposium in Honor of Prof. W. Kurz, TMS Annual Meeting, M. Rappaz, C. Beckermann, and R. Trivedi, eds., 33-39, Charlotte, NC, Mar. 15-18, 2004. Click here for a PDF version (295 KB)

  8. Thomas, B. G., Q. Yuan, L. Zhang, B. Zhao, and S. P. Vanka; “Flow Dynamics and Inclusion Transport in Continuous Casting of Steel,” 2004 NSF Design, Service, and Manufacture and Industrial Innovation Grantees and Research Conf. Proceedings, ed., T/BGT/1-41, Southern Methodist University, Dallas, TX, USA, Jan. 5-8, 2004. Click here for a PDF version (891 KB)

  9. Thomas, B. G., “Recent Advances in Computational Modeling of Continuous Casting of Steel,” Scanmet II Conference, 1, 243-252, MEFOS, Luleå, Sweden, June 6-9, 2004. Click here for a PDF version (4.7 MB)

  10. Thomas, B. G., “Computational Modeling of Flow, Heat Transfer, and Deformation in the Continuous Casting of Steel,” First Baosteel Annual Academic Conference, 1, 13-19, Shanghai, China, May 27-28, 2004. Click here for a PDF version (6.2 MB)

  11. Aoki, J., B. G. Thomas, J. Peter, and K. D. Peaslee, “Experimental and Theoretical Investigation of Mixing in a Bottom Gas-Stirred Ladle,” AISTech 2004, Nashville, TN, Assoc. Iron Steel Technology, Warrendale, PA, 1045-1056, Sept. 15-17, 2004. Click here for a PDF version (881 KB)

  12. Zhang, L., S. Yang, X. Wang, K. Cai, J. Li, X. Wan, and B. G. Thomas, “Physical, Numerical and Industrial Investigation of Fluid Flow and Steel Cleanliness in the Continuous Casting Mold at Panzhihua Steel,” AISTech 2004, Nashville, TN, Assoc. Iron Steel Technology, Warrendale, PA, 879-894, Sept. 15-17, 2004. Click here for a PDF version (857 KB)

  13. Shin, H.-J., G. G. Lee, W. Y. Choi, S. M. Kang, J. H. Park, S. H. Kim, and B. G. Thomas, “Effect of Mold Oscillation on Powder Consumption and Hook Formation in Ultra Low Carbon Steel Slabs,” AISTech 2004, Nashville, TN, Assoc. Iron Steel Technology, Warrendale, PA, 1157-70, Sept. 15-17, 2004. Click here for a PDF version (314 KB)

  14. Zhang, L., J. Aoki, and B. G. Thomas, “Inclusion Removal by Bubble Flotation in Continuous Casting Mold,” Materials Science & Technology 2004 (MS&T2004), New Orleans, LA, Vol. II, 161-177, Sept. 26-29, 2004. Click here for a PDF version (4.3 MB)

  15. Shin, H.-J., B. G. Thomas, G. G. Lee, J. M. Park, C. H. Lee, and S. H. Kim, “Analysis of Hook Formation Mechanism in Ultra Low Carbon Steel using CON1D Heat Flow – Solidification Model,” Materials Science & Technology (MS&T) 2004, New Orleans, LA, Vol. II, 11-26, Sept. 26-29, 2004. Click here for a PDF version (621 KB)

  16. Meng, Y., B. G. Thomas, A. A. Polycarpou, H. Henein, and A. Prasad, “Mold Slag Property Measurements to Characterize CC Mold – Shell Gap Phenomena,” Materials Science & Technology (MS&T) 2004, New Orleans, LA, Vol. II, 57-67, Sept. 26-29, 2004. Click here for a PDF version (2.2 MB)

  17. Sengupta, J., B. G. Thomas, and M. A. Wells, “Understanding the Role Water-Cooling Plays during Continuous Casting of Steel and Aluminum Alloys,” Materials Science & Technology 2004 (MS&T2004), New Orleans, LA, Vol. II, 179-193, Sept. 26-29, 2004. Click here for a PDF version (3.5 MB)

  18. Yuan, Q., B. Zhao, S. P. Vanka, and B. G. Thomas, “Study of Computational Issues in Simulation of Transient Flow in Continuous Casting,” Materials Science & Technology 2004 (MS&T2004), New Orleans, LA, Vol. II, 333-343, Sept. 26-29, 2004. Click here for a PDF version (1.7 MB)

  19. Shin, H. J., B. G Thomas, S. H. Kim, L. Zhang, and Y. Meng, “Meniscus Hook Formation in Continuous Cast Slabs,” Report to Postech/Posco, Jan. 2004.

  20. Zhang, L., B. Rietow, and B. G. Thomas, “Investigation of Ingot Inclusions Using Microscope and SEM,” Report to Ingot Metallurgy Forum, May 4, 2004.

  21. Thomas, B.G., ed., "Mathematical Models of Continuous Casting of Steel Slabs," Annual Report to Continuous Casting Consortium, University of Illinois, May 10, 2004.

  22. Kim, S. H., H. J. Shin, G. Lee, B. G. Thomas, L. Zhang, and J. Sengupta, “Study of Hook Formation and Initial Solidification – Effect of Operation Variables,” POSCO Report No. 20048021, Pohang, S. Korea, Dec. 31, 2004.

    Return to Top

2005
  1. Zhao, B., S. P. Vanka, and B. G. Thomas, “Numerical Study of Flow and Heat Transfer in a Molten Flux Layer,” Int. J. Heat and Fluid Flow, 26:1, 105-118, 2005. Click here for a PDF version (1.4 MB)

  2. Sengupta, J., B. G. Thomas, and M. A. Wells, “The Use of Water Cooling During the Continuous Casting of Steel and Aluminum Alloys,” Metallurgical and Materials Transactions A – Physical Metallurgy and Materials Science, 36A:1, 187-204, Jan., 2005. Click here for a PDF version (665 KB)

  3. Yuan, Q., B. Zhao, S. P. Vanka, and B. G. Thomas; “Study of Computational Issues in Simulation of Transient Flow in Continuous Casting,” Steel Research International, Special Issue: Simulation of Fluid Flow in Metallurgy, 76:1, 33-43, Jan., 2005. Click here for a PDF version (6.7 MB)

  4. Zhao, B., B. G. Thomas, S. P. Vanka, and R. J. O’Malley, ”Transient Flow and Temperature Transport in Continuous Casting of Steel Slabs,” ASME Journal Heat Transfer, Vol. 127, 807, 2005.

  5. Zhao, B., B. G. Thomas, S. P. Vanka, and R. J. O’Malley, “Transient Fluid Flow and Superheat Transport in Continuous Casting of Steel Slabs,” Metallurgical and Materials Transactions B – Process Metallurgy and Materials Processing Science, 36B:12, 801-823, December 2005. Click here for a PDF version (2.0 MB)

  6. Shin, H.-J., G .G. Lee, W. Y. Choi, S. M. Kang, J. H. Park, S. H. Kim, and B. G. Thomas, “ Effect of Mold Oscillation on Powder Consumption and Hook Formation in Ultra Low Carbon Steel Slabs,” Iron & Steel Technology, 2:9, 56-69, Sept. 2005, (reprinted from AISTech, 2004, Nashville, TN, Sept. 15-17, 2004, Assoc. Iron Steel Technology, Warrendale, PA, pp. 1157-70). Click here for a PDF version (1.7 MB)

  7. Thomas, B.G., L. Zhang, Q. Yuan, and S.P. Vanka; “Flow Dynamics and Inclusion Transport in Continuous Casting of Steel”, 2005 NSF Design, Manufacture and Industrial Innovation Grantees Conf. Proceedings, J. Shaw, ed., (Jan. 3-6, 2005, Scottsdale, AZ, USA), Arizona State, Tempe, AZ, 2005, MPM #DMI0115486, pp. T/BGT/1-24. Click here for a PDF version (761 KB)

  8. Thomas, B. G., Q. Yuan, L. Zhang, B. Zhao, and S. P. Vanka; “Flow Dynamics and Inclusion Transport in Continuous Casting of Steel,” 2005 NSF Design, Manufacture and Industrial Innovation Grantees Conf. Proceedings, J. Shaw, ed., Jan. 3-6, 2005, Scottsdale, AZ, USA, Arizona State, Tempe, AZ; MPM #DMI0115486, T/BGT/1-24, 2005. Click here for a PDF version (109 KB)

  9. Thomas, B. G., “Modeling of Continuous-Casting Defects Related to Mold Fluid Flow,” 3rd Internat. Congress on Science & Technology of Steelmaking, Charlotte, NC, May 9-11, 2005, Association for Iron & Steel Technology, Warrendale, PA, 847-861, 2005. [keynote paper] Click here for a PDF version (4.7 MB)

  10. Aoki, J., L. Zhang, and B. G. Thomas, “Modeling of Inclusion Removal in Ladle Refining,” Proceedings of the 3rd International Congress on Science & Technology of Steelmaking, Charlotte, NC, 319-332, Association for Iron & Steel Technology, Warrendale, PA, May 9-11, 2005. Click here for a PDF version (1.4 MB)

  11. Yuan Q., and B. G. Thomas, “Transport and Entrapment of Particles in Continuous Casting of Steel,” Proceedings of the 3rd International Congress on Science & Technology of Steelmaking, Charlotte, NC, 745-762, Association for Iron & Steel Technology, Warrendale, PA, May 9-11, 2005. Click here for a PDF version (1.6 MB)

  12. Zhang, L, J. Aoki, B. G. Thomas, J. Peter, and K. D. Peaslee, “Designing a New Scrap Based Continuous Steelmaking Process Using CFD Simulation,” Proceedings of the 3rd International Congress on Science & Technology of Steelmaking, Charlotte, NC, 577-590, Association for Iron & Steel Technology, Warrendale, PA, May 9-11, 2005. Click here for a PDF version (1.0 MB)

  13. Peter, J., K. D. Peaslee, D. G. C. Robertson, and B. G. Thomas, “Experimental Study of Kinetic Processes during the Steel Treatment at Two LMF’s,” Proceedings of the AISTech Conference, AIST, Charlotte, NC, Vol. 1, 959-967, May 9-11, 2005. Click here for a PDF version (685 KB)

  14. Peter, J., K. D. Peaslee, D. G. C. Robertson, L. Zhang, and B. G. Thomas, “Introduction of a Novel, Scrapbased, Fully Continuous Steelmaking Process,” Proceedings of the AISTech Conference, AIST, Vol 2, 623-634, Charlotte, NC, May 9-11, 2005. Click here for a PDF version (685 KB)

  15. Thomas, B. G., J. Jiang, and D. Lorento, “Optimization of Water Channel Design in Beam-Blank Molds,” Proceedings of the 5th European Continuous Casting Conference, The Institute of Materials, Minerals & Mining, Paris, France, Session 16, 139-147, June 20-22, 2005. Click here for a PDF version (1.0 MB)

  16. Zhang, L., and B. G. Thomas, “Application of Computational Fluid Dynamics to Steel Refining and Casting Processes,” Proceedings of the Fourth International Conference on CFD in Oil, Gas, Metall. & Process Industries, SINTEF/NTNUTrondheim, Norway, No. 30, June 6-8, 2005. Click here for a PDF version (1.3 MB)

  17. Sengupta, J. and B. G. Thomas, "Thermo-mechanical Effects Near the Meniscus during Continuous Casting of Ultra-low Carbon Steel," Proceedings of the MS&T2005, Defect Formation, Detection and Elimination during Casting, Welding, and Solidification: Modeling Session, Pittsburgh, PA, Sept. 26, 2005.

  18. Zhang, L., B. Rietow, and B. G. Thomas, “Morphology and Composition of Inclusions in a 28 Inch Square Ingot,” Ingot Metallurgy Forum Winter Meeting, Pittsburgh, PA, Jan. 20, 2005.

  19. Hodgson, D., S. Vapalahti, and B. G. Thomas, “Finite Element Analysis of the Heat Transfer in a Copper Mould during Continuous Casting of Steel Slabs,” Continuous Casting Consortium Report 200505, University of Illinois, May 14, 2005.

  20. Zhang, L., B. Rietow, B. G. Thomas, K. Eakin, and D. Q. Baird, “Investigation of Steel Cleanliness during Ingot Teeming,” Final Report to Ingot Metallurgy Forum, Fall Meeting, Canton, OH, Nov. 2, 2005.

  21. Thomas, B.G., ed., “Mathematical Models of Continuous Casting of Steel Slabs,” Annual Report to Continuous Casting Consortium, University of Illinois, June 1, 2005.

Return to Top

2006

  1. Meng, Y., B. G. Thomas, A. A. Polycarpou, A. Prasad, and H. Henein, “Mold Slag Property Measurements to Characterize Continuous-Casting Mold – Shell Gap Phenomena,” Canadian Metallurgical Quarterly, 45:1, 79-94, 2006. Click here for a PDF version (2.2 MB)

  2. Sengupta, J., H.-J. Shin, B. G. Thomas, and S.-H. Kim, “Micrograph Evidence of Meniscus Solidification and Sub-Surface Microstructure Evolution in Continuous-Cast Ultra-Low Carbon Steels,” Acta Materialia, 54:4, 1165-1173, February 2006. Click here for a PDF version (1.1 MB)

  3. Sengupta, J., B. G. Thomas, H. J. Shin, G. G. Lee, and S. H. Kim, “Mechanism of Hook Formation during Continuous Casting of Ultra-low Carbon Steel Slabs,” Metallurgical and Materials Transactions A, 37A:5, 1597-1611, May 2006. Click here for a PDF version (1.2 MB)

  4. Zhang, L., J. Zhi, F. Mei, L. Zhu, X. Jiang, J. Shen, J. Cui, K. Cai, and B. G. Thomas, “Basic Oxygen Furnace Based Steelmaking Processes and Cleanliness Control at Baosteel,” Ironmaking & Steelmaking, 33:2, 129-139, 2006. Click here for a PDF version (490 KB)

  5. Koric, S. and B. G. Thomas, “Efficient Thermo-Mechanical Model for Solidification Processes,” Int. J. Num. Meths. Eng, 66:12, 1955-1989, June 2006. Click here for a PDF version (1.0 MB)

  6. Meng, Y. and B. G. Thomas, “Simulation of Microstructure and Behavior of Interfacial Mold Slag Layers in Continuous Casting of Steel,” ISIJ International, 46:5, 660-669, May 2006. Click here for a PDF version (1.4 MB)

  7. Zhang, L., J. Aoki, and B. G. Thomas, “Inclusion Removal by Bubble Flotation in a Continuous Casting Mold,” Metallurgical and Materials Transactions B, 37B:3, 361-379, June 2006. Click here for a PDF version (1.0 MB)

  8. Zhang, L., B. Rietow, B. G. Thomas, and K. Eakin, “Large Inclusions in Plain-Carbon Steel Ingots Cast by Bottom Teeming,” ISIJ International, 46:5, 670-679, 2006. Click here for a PDF version (2.5 MB)

  9. Thomas, B. G., “Modeling of Continuous-Casting Defects Related to Mold Fluid Flow,” Iron and Steel Technology (AIST Transactions, 3:5), 3:7, 128-143, July 2006. Click here for a PDF version (1.0 MB)

  10. Zhang, L., and B. G. Thomas, “State of the Art in the Control of Inclusions during Steel Ingot Casting,” Metallurgical and Materials Transactions B, 37:5, 733-761, Oct. 2006. Click here for a PDF version (1.2 MB)

  11. Thomas, B. G., “Escoamento do aço líquido e remoção deinclusões não-metálicas,” (Removal of Nonmetallic Inclusions from Molten Steel), Metallurgia & Materials, Brazil, 573:62, 655-657, 2006. Click here for a PDF version (146 KB)

  12. Shin, Ho-Jung, S. H. Kim, B. G. Thomas, G. G. Lee, J. M. Park, and J. Sengupta, “Measurement and Prediction of Lubrication, Powder Consumption, and Oscillation Mark Profiles in Ultra-low Carbon Steel Slabs,” ISIJ International, 46:11, 1635-1644, 2006. Click here for a PDF version (1.1 MB)

  13. Thomas, B. G., and J. Sengupta, “Visualization of Defect Formation in Casting Processes,” Journal of Metals, 58:12, 16-18, December 2006. Available Online or Click here for a PDF version (849 KB)

  14. Sengupta, J., and B. G. Thomas, “Visualization of Hook and Oscillation Mark Formation Mechanism in Ultra-Low Carbon Steel Slabs During Continuous Casting,” JOMe, (Journal of Metals – electronic edition), December 2006. Available Online or Click here for a PDF version (1.90 MB)

  15. Thomas, B. G., Q. Yuan, B. Zhao, and S. P. Vanka, “Transient Fluid-Flow Phenomena in the Continuous Steel-Slab Casting Mold and Defect Formation,” JOMe, (Journal of Metals – electronic edition), December 2006. Available Online or Click here for a PDF version (6.63 MB)

  16. Yuan Q., and B. G. Thomas, “Transport and Entrapment of Particles in Continuous Casting of Steel,” MCWASP XI Conference, edited by C.Z. Gandin, M. Bellet, and J.E. Allision, Opio, France, 745-752, May 28-June 2, 2006. Click here for a PDF version (1.8 MB)

  17. Sengupta J., and B. G. Thomas, “Effect of a Sudden Level Fluctuation on Hook Formation During Continuous Casting of Ultra-Low Carbon Steel Slabs,” MCWASP XI Conference, edited by C.Z. Gandin, M. Bellet, and J.E. Allision, Opio, France, 727-736, May 28-June 2, 2006. Click here for a PDF version (1.3 MB)

  18. Thomas, B. G., J. Bentsman, K. Zheng, S. Vapalahti, B. Petrus, A. Behera, A. H. Castillejos, and F. A. Acosta, “Online Dynamic Control of Cooling in Continuous Casting of Thin Steel Slabs,” Proceedings of 2006 NSF Design, Service, and Manufacturing Grantees and Research Conference, St. Louis, Missouri, 11, July 24-27, 2006. Click here for a PDF version (623 KB)

  19. Steen, P. H., B. G. Thomas, and S. P. Baker, “Collaborative Research: Contacting and Solidification in Casting-by-Design,” Proceedings of 2006 NSF Design, Service, and Manufacturing Grantees and Research Conference, St. Louis, Missouri, 2p, July 24-27, 2006. Click here for a PDF version (124 KB)

  20. Li, X., C. W. Wong, D. Dornfeld, and B. G. Thomas, “Research on Subwavelength Microphotonic Sensors for In-situ Monitoring with High Spatial and Temporal Resolution in Manufacturing Environments,” Contacting and Solidification in Casting-by-Design,” Proceedings of 2006 NSF Design, Service, and Manufacturing Grantees and Research Conference, St. Louis, Missouri, 9p, July 24-27, 2006. Click here for a PDF version (644 KB)

  21. Sengupta, J., B. G. Thomas, H. J. Shin, and S. H. Kim, “Mechanism of Hook Formation in Ultra-low Carbon Steels based on Microscopy Analysis and Thermal-stress Modeling,” AISTech 2006 Steelmaking Conference Proc., AIST, Warrendale, PA, Vol. 1, 903-914, May 1-4, 2006. Click here for a PDF version (1.4 MB)

  22. Ojeda, C., J. Sengupta, B. G. Thomas, J. Barco, and J. L. Arana, “Mathematical Modeling of Thermal-Fluid Flow in the Meniscus Region During an Oscillation Cycle,” AISTech 2006 Steelmaking Conference Proceedings, Cleveland, OH, AIST, Warrendale, PA, Vol. 1, 1017-1028, May 1-4, 2006. Click here for a PDF version (607 KB)

  23. Thomas, B. G., J. Sengupta, and C. Ojeda, “Mechanism of Hook and Oscillation Mark Formation In Ultra- Low Carbon Steel,” Second Baosteel Biennial Conference, Shanghai, PRC Vol. 1, 112-117, May 25-26, 2006. Click here for a PDF version (705 KB)

  24. Cukierski, K, and B. G. Thomas, “Comparison of Fluid Flow in 3 LWB Nozzle Designs,” Continuous Casting Consortium Report, June 20, 2006.

  25. Thomas, B.G., ed., “Mathematical Models of Continuous Casting of Steel Slabs”, Annual Report to Continuous Casting Consortium, University of Illinois, June 15, 2006.

Return to Top

2007

  1. Bellet, M. and B. G. Thomas, "Chapter 27, Solidification Macroprocesses (Thermal-mechanical Modeling of Stress, Distortion and Hot Tearing)," in Materials Processing Handbook- Cat # 3216, Joanna R. Groza; James F. Shackelford; Enrique J. Lavernia; Michael T. Powers, eds., CRC Press, 2007. Click here for a PDF version (1.39 MB)

  2. Zhang, L., S. Yang, X. Wang, K. Cai, J. Li, X. Wan, and B.G. Thomas, “Investigation of Fluid Flow and Steel Cleanliness in the Continuous Casting Strand”, Metallurgical and Materials Transactions B, 38B:1, Feb., 2007, pp. 63-83. Click here for a PDF version. (1.31 MB)

  3. Sengupta, J., B.G. Thomas, H.J. Shin, and S.H. Kim, “Mechanism of Hook Formation in Ultra-low Carbon Steels based on Microscopy Analysis and Thermal-stress Modeling”, Iron and Steel Technology, 4:7, 83-95, July, 2007. (reprinted from AISTech 2006 Steelmaking Conference Proc., May 1-4, Cleveland, OH, AIST, Warrendale, PA, Vol. 1, 2006, pp. 903-914). Click here for a PDF version (1.33 MB)

  4. Lee, G.-G., B .G. Thomas, H.-J. Shin, S.-K. Baek, C.-H. Choi, D.-S. Kim, S.-J. Yu, and S.-H. Kim, “Microstructure Near Corners of Continuous-cast Steel Slabs Showing Three-dimensional Frozen Meniscus and Hooks,” Acta Materialia, 55:20, 6705-6712, Dec. 2007 Click here for a PDF version (1.62 MB)

  5. Zheng, K., B. Petrus, B.G. Thomas, and J. Bentsman, “Design and Implementation of a Real-time Spray Cooling Control System for Continuous Casting of Thin Steel Slabs”, AISTech 2007, Steelmaking Conference Proc., (May 7-10, Indianapolis, IN), AIST, Warrendale, PA, Vol. 1, 2007. Click here for a PDF version (571 KB)

  6. Ojeda, C., B.G. Thomas, J. Barco, and J.L. Arena, “Model of Thermal-Fluid Flow in the Meniscus Region During An Oscillation Cycle”, AISTech 2007, Steelmaking Conference Proc., (May 7-10, Indianapolis, IN), AIST, Warrendale, PA, Vol. 1, 2007. Click here for a PDF version (1.00 MB)

  7. Lee, G.G., Ho-Jung Shin, B.G. Thomas, Seon-Hyo Kim, Dong-Su Kim, and Sung-Jong Yu, “Three-dimensional Microstructure of Frozen Meniscus and Hook in Continuous-cast Ultra-low-carbon Steel Slabs”, AISTech 2007, Steelmaking Conference Proc., (May 7-10, Indianapolis, IN), AIST, Warrendale, PA, Vol. 1, 2007. Click here for a PDF version (1.32 MB)

  8. Santillana, B., B.G. Thomas, A. Hamoen, L.C. Hibbeler, A. Kamperman, and W. Van der Knoop, “Investigating Mould Heat Transfer in Thin Slab Casting with CON1D”, AISTech 2007, Steelmaking Conference Proc., (May 7-10, Indianapolis, IN), AIST, Warrendale, PA, Vol. 1, 2007. Click here for a PDF version (515 KB)

  9. Koric, S., and B.G. Thomas, “Thermo-Mechanical Model of Solidification Processes with Abaqus”, 2007 Abaqus Users Conf., May 22-24, 2007, Paris, France, June, 2007, 15p. Click here for a PDF version (488 KB)

  10. Vapalahti, S., B. G. Thomas, S. Louhenkilpi, A.H. Castillejos, F. A. Acosta, C. A. Hernandez, “Heat Transfer Modelling of Continuous Casting: Numerical Considerations, Laboratory Measurements and Plant Validation,” STEELSIM 2007, Graz, Austria, Sept. 12-14, 2007. Click here for a PDF version (296 KB)

  11. Pfeiler, C., B.G. Thomas, A. Ludwig, M. Wu, “Particle Entrapment in the Mushy Region of a Steel Continuous Caster,” STEELSIM 2007, Graz, Austria, Sept. 12-14, 2007. Click here for a PDF version (304 KB)

  12. Koric, S., L. Hibbeler, and B.G. Thomas, “Thermo-Mechanical Modeling of Steel Solidification Processes,” Pragma 13 Workshop, NCSA, Urbana, IL, 2007.

  13. Hibbeler, L., and B.G. Thomas., “Validation of Heat Transfer Modeling in Slab Casting Molds Using CON1D”, Continuous Casting Consortium Report 200701, University of Illinois, Feb. 15, 2007.

  14. Li, H. and B.G. Thomas., “Validation of CON1D Slab Surface Temperature Prediction Using Goodrich Pyrometer Measurements at Mittal Riverdale”, Continuous Casting Consortium Report 200702, University of Illinois, May 23, 2007.

  15. Vapalahti, S., H. Castillejos, A. Acosta, A.C. Hernández, and B.G. Thomas., “Delavan Nozzle Characterization Research at CINVESTAV”, Continuous Casting Consortium Report CCC0703, University of Illinois, June 12, 2007.

  16. Vapalahti, S., H. Castillejos, A. Acosta, A.C. Hernández, and B.G. Thomas., “Spray Heat Transfer Research at CINVESTAV”, Continuous Casting Consortium Report CCC0704, University of Illinois, June 12, 2007.

  17. Thomas, B.G., ed., “Mathematical Models of Continuous Casting of Steel Slabs”, Annual Report to Continuous Casting Consortium, University of Illinois, June 12, 2007.

Return to Top

2008

  1. Thomas, B. G., and M. Bellet, “Modeling of Stress, Distortion and Hot Tearing,” ASM Handbook, Vol 15, S. Viswanathan, and E. DeGuire, eds., 449-461, 2008. Click here for a PDF version (836 KB)

  2. Koric, S., and B. G. Thomas, “Thermo-mechanical Models of Steel Solidification Based on Two Elastic Visco-plastic Constitutive Laws,” Journal of Materials Processing Technology, 197:3, 408-418, Feb. 2008. Click here for a PDF version (1.20 MB)

  3. Cukierski, K., and B. G. Thomas, “Flow Control with Local Electromagnetic Braking in Continuous Casting of Steel Slabs,” Metallurgical and Materials Transactions B, 39B:1, 94-107, Feb. 2008. Click here for a PDF version (1.70 MB)

  4. Okelman, M. K., B. G. Thomas, and M. Powers, “Effect of Geometry on Void Formation in Commercial Electroplating of Thin Strips to Copper,” Surface and Coatings Technology, 202:17, 4153-4158, 2008, doi: 10.1016/j.surfcoat.2008.03.004. Click here for a PDF version (1.31 MB)

  5. Santillana, B., L.C. Hibbeler, B.G. Thomas, A. Hamoen, A. Kamperman, W. van der Knoop, “Investigating Heat Transfer In Funnel-Mould Casting With CON1D: Effect of Plate Thickness”, ISIJ International, 48:10, 1380-1388, 2008. Click here for a PDF version (2.40 MB)

  6. Santillana, B., B.G. Thomas, L.C. Hibbeler, A. Hamoen, A. Kamperman, W. van der Knoop, “Investigating Mold Heat Transfer In Thin Slab Casting With CON1D”, Iron and Steel Technology, 5:7, 51-63, July, 2008, (reprinted from AISTech 2007, Steelmaking Conference Proc., May 7-10, Indianapolis, IN, AIST, Warrendale, PA, Vol. 1, 2007). Click here for a PDF version (1.22 MB)

  7. Cho, M. J., B. G. Thomas, and P. J. Lee, “3-D Numerical Study of Impinging Water Jets in Run out Table Cooling Processes,” Metallurgical and Materials Transactions B, 39B:4, 593-602, Aug. 2008. Available Online or Click here for a PDF version (2.80 MB) .

  8. Pfeiler, C., B.G. Thomas, A. Ludwig, M. Wu, “Particle Entrapment in the Mushy Region of a Steel Continuous Caster,” Steel Research, 79: 8, 599-607, Aug., 2008. Click here for a PDF version (1.09 MB)

  9. Chaudhary, R., G.-G. Lee, B.G. Thomas, and S.-H. Kim, “Transient mold fluid flow with well- and mountain- bottom nozzles in continuous casting of steel, Metallurgical and Materials Transactions B, 39B:6, 870-884, Dec. 2008. Available Online or Click here for a PDF version (1.45 MB)

  10. Sundararajan, A., and B. G. Thomas, “Heat Transfer During Melt Spinning of Al-7%Si Alloy on a Cu-Be Wheel,” Cast Shop Technology, TMS Annual Meeting, Light Metals Proceedings, New Orleans, Louisiana, 793-810, March 9-13, 2008. Click here for a PDF version (1.29 MB)

  11. Thomas, B. G., J. Bentsman, B. Petrus, S. Vapalahti, H. Li, A. H. Castillejos, and F. A. Acosta, “GOALI: Online Dynamic Control of Cooling in Continuous Casting of Thin Steel Slabs,” Proceedings of 2008 NSF CMMI Engineering Research and Innovation Conference, Knoxville, Tennessee, 16p., Jan. 7-10, 2008. Click here for a PDF version (758 KB)

  12. Steen, P.H., B.G. Thomas, and S.P. Baker, “Collaborative Research: Contacting and Solidification in Casting-by-Design,” Proceedings of 2008 NSF CMMI Engineering Research and Innovation Conference, Knoxville, Tennessee, 2.p, Jan. 7-10, 2008. Click here for a PDF version (78 KB)

  13. Li, X., D. Dornfeld, B.G. Thomas, and C.W. Wong, “Fundamental Study on Metal Embedded Micro Photonic Sensors,” Proceedings of 2008 NSF CMMI Engineering Research and Innovation Conference, Knoxville, Tennessee, 9p., #0529361, Jan. 7-10, 2008. Click here for a PDF version (621 KB)

  14. Hibbeler, L. C., S. Koric, K. Xu, B. G. Thomas, and C. Spangler, “Thermo-Mechanical Modeling of Beam Blank Casting,” AISTech 2008 Steelmaking Conference Proc., Pittsburgh, PA, May 5-8, 2008, Assoc. Iron Steel Tech., Warrendale, PA, Vol. 1, 2008. Click here for a PDF version (927 KB)

  15. Rietow, B. and B.G. Thomas, “Using Nail Board Experiments to Quantify Surface Velocity in the CC Mold,” AISTech 2008 Steelmaking Conference Proc., Pittsburgh, PA, May 5-8, 2008, Assoc. Iron Steel Tech., Warrendale, PA, Vol. 1, 2008. [2008 Jerry Silver Award, AIST] Click here for a PDF version (899 KB)

  16. Lee, G.-G., H.-J. Shin, B.G. Thomas, and S.-H. Kim, “Asymmetric Multi-phase Fluid Flow and Particle Entrapment in a Continuous Casting Mold,” AISTech 2008 Steelmaking Conference Proc., Pittsburgh, PA, May 5-8, 2008, Assoc. Iron Steel Tech., Warrendale, PA, Vol. 1, 2008. Click here for a PDF version (804 KB)

  17. Hibbeler, L., B. Santillana, B.G. Thomas, A. Hamoen, and A. Kamperman: “Longitudinal Face Crack Prediction With Thermo-Mechanical Models of Thin Slabs in Funnel Moulds”, Sixth European Conference on Continuous Casting, (6th ECCC), 2008, Riccione, Italy, Associazione Italiana di Metallurgia, June 3-6, 2008. Click here for a PDF version (524 KB)

  18. Sengupta, J., C. Ojeda and B.G. Thomas, “Thermal-Mechanical Behaviour during Initial Solidification in Continuous Casting: Steel Grade Effects”, 2nd International Conference on Advances in Solidification Processes, June 17-20, 2008, University of Leoben, Graz, Austria, June 15, 2008. Click here for a PDF version (1.84 MB)

  19. Thomas, B.G., and K. Cukeriski, “Flow Control with Local Electromagnetic Braking in Continuous Casting of Steel Slabs”, Third Baosteel Biennial Conference, (August 25-26, 2006, Shanghai, PRC), Vol. 1, 2008. Click here for a PDF version (1.72 MB)

  20. Koric, S., L. Hibbeler and B.G. Thomas, "Explicit Coupled Thermo-Mechanical Finite Element Model of Steel Solidification," Continuous Casting Consortium Report, No. 200801, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, 2008.

  21. Hibbeler, L.C. and B.G. Thomas, "Analytical Prediction of Funnel Mold Bending Effect," Continuous Casting Consortium Report, No. 200802, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, 2008.

  22. Hibbeler, L.C. and B.G. Thomas, "Mold Distortion Simulation of BB2 at SDI," Continuous Casting Consortium Report, No. 200803, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, 2008.

  23. Thomas, B.G., ed., “Mathematical Models of Continuous Casting of Steel Slabs”, Annual Report to Continuous Casting Consortium, University of Illinois, August 6, 2008. .

Return to Top

2009

  1. B.G. Thomas, “Modeling of Hot Tearing and Other Defects in Casting Processes”, ASM Handbook, Vol. 22A, “Fundamentals of Modeling for Metals Processing”, D.U. Furrer and S.L. Semiatin, eds., 362-374, 2009. Click here for a PDF version (265 KB)

  2. Lee, G.G, H.-J. Shin, S.-H. Kim, S.-K. Kim, W.-Y. Choi, and B.G. Thomas, “Prediction and control of subsurface hooks in continuous cast ultra-low-carbon steel slabs”, Ironmaking and Steelmaking, 36: 1, 39 49, 2009. Click here for a PDF version (992 KB)

  3. Koric, S., L.C. Hibbeler, and B.G. Thomas, “Explicit Coupled Thermo-Mechanical Finite Element Model of Steel Solidification”, Int. J. Num. Meths. Engineering, 78, 1-31, Mar., 2009. Click here for a PDF version (969 KB)

  4. Sengupta, J., C. Ojeda and B. G. Thomas, “Thermal-Mechanical Behaviour during Initial Solidification in Continuous Casting: Steel Grade Effects”, Int. J. Cast Metals Research, 22:1-4, 8-14, 2009. Click here for a PDF version (752 KB)

  5. Hibbeler, L.C., B.G. Thomas, B. Santillana, A. Hamoen, and A. Kamperman, “Longitudinal Face Crack Prediction with Thermo-Mechanical Models of Thin Slabs in Funnel Moulds”, Metallurgia Italiana, 6:2, 1-10, 2009. Click here for a PDF version (1.48 MB)

  6. Hibbeler, L.C., S. Koric, K. Xu, B.G. Thomas, and C. Spangler, “Thermo-Mechanical Modeling of Beam Blank Casting”, Iron and Steel Technology, 6:7 (July), 2009, pp. 60-73. (reprinted from: AISTech 2008 Steelmaking Conference Proc., Pittsburgh, PA, May 5-8, 2008, Assoc. Iron Steel Tech., Warrendale, PA, Vol. 1, 2008). Click here for a PDF version (1.96 MB)

  7. Koric, S., L.C. Hibbeler, and B.G. Thomas, “Coupled Visco-Plastic Thermo-Mechanical Models of Steel Solidification”, Plasticity ’09 Conference, St. Thomas, Jan. 3-8, 2009. Click here for a PDF version (224 KB)

  8. Sengupta, J., M.K. Trinh, D. Currey, and B. G. Thomas, “Utilization of CON1D at ArcelorMittal Dofasco’s No. 2 Continuous Caster for Crater End Determination”, AISTech 2009 Steelmaking Conference Proc., (St. Louis, MO, May 4-7, 2009), Assoc. Iron Steel Tech., Warrendale, PA, Vol. 1, 2009. Click here for a PDF version (617 KB)

  9. Thomas, B.G., “Industry Implementation of Mathematical Models: Examples in Steel Processing; Howe Memorial Lecture, 2009”, AISTech 2009 Steelmaking Conference Proc., (St. Louis, MO, May 4-7, 2009), Assoc. Iron Steel Tech., Warrendale, PA, Vol. 1, 2009. [Howe Memorial Lecture, 2009, AIST] Click here for a PDF version (1.33 MB)

  10. Xu, K. and B. G. Thomas, “Prediction of Grain Size, Precipitation, and Crack Susceptibility in Continuous Casting”, AISTech 2009 Steelmaking Conference Proc., (St. Louis, MO, May 4-7, 2009), Assoc. Iron Steel Tech., Warrendale, PA, Vol. 1, 2009. Click here for a PDF version (764 KB)

  11. Cho, M.J., B. G. Thomas, and P.J. Lee, “3-D Numerical Study of Impinging Water Jets in Run Out Table Cooling Processes”, AISTech 2009 Steelmaking Conference Proc., (St. Louis, MO, May 4-7, 2009), Assoc. Iron Steel Tech., Warrendale, PA, Vol. 1, 2009. Click here for a PDF version (744 KB)

  12. Koric, S., L. C. Hibbeler, and B. G. Thomas, “Explicit Coupled Thermo-Mechanical Finite-Element Model of Continuous Casting of Steel in Funnel Molds”, Modeling of Casting, Welding and Advanced Solidification Processes MCWASP XII, Vancouver, Canada, June 7-14, 2009, TMS, Warrendale, PA, 2009. Click here for a PDF version (489 KB)

  13. Koric, S., B. G. Thomas, and R. Liu, Towards A Continuum Multiphysics Simulation of Metal Solidification Processes, Proc. of the 8th Internat. Congress on Thermal Stresses, TS2009, 1–4 June, Univ. Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, pp. 249-253, 2009. Click here for a PDF version (3.47 MB)

  14. Thomas, B.G., J. Bentsman, B. Petrus, X. Zhou, K. Zheng, S. Vapalahti, H. Li, A.H. Castillejos, and F.A. Acosta, “GOALI: Online Dynamic Control of Cooling in Continuous Casting of Thin Steel Slabs”, Proceedings of 2009 NSF Civil, Mechanical, Manufacturing and Innovation (CMMI) Engineering Research and Innovation Conference, Honolulu, Hawaii, 19p., Jun. 22-25, 2009. Click here for a PDF version (903 KB)

  15. Steen, P.H. and B.G. Thomas, “Collaborative Research: Manipulating the Contact and Solidification of Molten Metal in Continuous Casting,” Proceedings of 2009 NSF Civil, Mechanical, Manufacturing and Innovation (CMMI) Engineering Research and Innovation Conference, Honolulu, Hawaii, 3p., Jun. 22-25, 2009. Click here for a PDF version (252 KB)

  16. Li, X., H. Jiang, B.G. Thomas, D. Dornfeld, and C.W. Wong, “SIRG/Collaborative Research: Distributed Subwavelength Micro Photonic Sensors for In-situ Monitoring with High Spatial and Temporal Resolution in Manufacturing Environments,” Proceedings of 2009 NSF Civil, Mechanical, Manufacturing and Innovation (CMMI) Engineering Research and Innovation Conference, Honolulu, Hawaii, 3p., Jun. 22-25, 2009. Click here for a PDF version (4.36 MB)

  17. Cho, M.J., B. G. Thomas, and P.J. Lee, “3-D Numerical Study of Impinging Water Jets in Run Out Table Cooling Processes”, SteelSim 2009, (Leoben, Austria, Sept. 8-10, 2009), 2009. Click here for a PDF version (1.24 MB)

  18. Chaudhary, R., B. T. Rietow, and B. G. Thomas, “Differences between Physical Water Models and Steel Continuous Casters: A Theoretical Evaluation”, in Inclusions and Clean Steels, Materials Science and Technology Conference, AIST/TMS, Pittsburgh, PA, Oct. 25-29, 2009, 1090-1101, 2009. Click here for a PDF version (2.30 MB)

  19. Lee, G.G., S.-H. Kim, and B.G. Thomas, “Investigation of Refractory Properties on the Initial Bubble Behavior in the Water Model of Continuous Casting Process”, Materials Science and Technology Conference, AIST/TMS, Pittsburgh, PA, Oct. 25-29, 2009. Click here for a PDF version (627 KB)

  20. Araromi, O., B. G. Thomas and E. Conzemius, “Modeling of Clogging and Erosion of Nozzle Refractories in Steel Casting”, Materials Science and Technology Conference, AIST/TMS, Pittsburgh, PA, Oct. 25-29, 2009. Click here for a PDF version (563 KB)

  21. B.G. Thomas, and R. Chaudhary, “State of the Art in Electromagnetic Flow Control in Continuous Casting of Steel Slabs: Modeling and Plant Validation”, Proceedings, 6th International Conference on Electromagnetic Processing of Materials EPM 2009, Oct. 19-23, Dresden, Germany, 2009, pp.9-14. [Plenary lecture] Click here for a PDF version (607 KB)

  22. Chaudhary, R., S.P. Vanka, and B.G. Thomas, “Direct Numerical Simulations of Magnetic Field Effects on Turbulent Duct Flows”, Proc. ASME Int. Mech. Eng. Congress IMECE09, Lake Buena Vista, FL, Nov. 13-19, 2009. Click here for a PDF version (931 KB)

  23. Hibbeler, L.C. and B.G. Thomas, “Preliminary Thermal-Stress Analysis of Nippon Steel Slab Caster #6”, CCC Report 200901, October 31, 2008.

  24. Hibbeler, L.C. and B.G. Thomas, “Evaluation of Funnel Shapes for Thin Slab Casting”, CCC Report 200902, May 25, 2009.

  25. Chaudhary, R., R. Lui, B.G. Thomas, J. Sengupta, D. Crosbie, M.M. Yavuz, “Effect of Stopper Rod Movement on Mold Flow and Sliver Formation,” CCC Report 200903, Sept. 8, 2009.

  26. Thomas, B.G., ed., “Mathematical Models of Continuous Casting of Steel Slabs”, Annual Report to Continuous Casting Consortium, University of Illinois, August 6, 2009.

Return to Top

2010

  1. B. Q. Li, B.G. Thomas, L. Zhang, F.M. Doyle, A.P. Campbell, “Jim Evans Honorary Symposium”, (Proceedings of the TMS Symposium held in Seattle, WA, Feb. 14-18, 2010), The Minerals, Metals, and Materials Society, Warrendale, PA, 421 pages, 2010.

  2. Thomas, B.G., “Industry Implementation of Mathematical Models: Examples in Steel Processing; Howe Memorial Lecture, 2009”, Iron and Steel Technology, 7:7, 70-87, July. 2010. (reprinted from: AISTech 2009 Steelmaking Conference Proceedings, St. Louis, MO, May 4-7, 2009). Click here for a PDF version (1.8 MB)

  3. Lee, G.G., B.G. Thomas, and S.-H. Kim, “Effect of Refractory Properties on Initial Bubble Formation in Continuous-casting Nozzles,” Metals and Materials International, S. Korea, Vol. 16(3), 2010, pp.501-506. Click here for a PDF version (250 KB)

  4. Chaudhary, R., S.P. Vanka, and B.G. Thomas, “Direct Numerical Simulations of Magnetic Field Effects on Turbulent Flow in a Square Duct”, Physics of Fluids, 22:7, 075102, 2010. Available Online

  5. Koric, S., B.G. Thomas, and V. R. Voller, “Enhanced Latent Heat Method to Incorporate Superheat Effects Into Fixed-Grid Multiphysics Simulations,” Numerical Heat Transfer, Part B: Fundamentals, 57:6, 396-413, 2010. Available Online

  6. Koric, S., L.C. Hibbeler, R. Liu, and B.G. Thomas, “Multiphysics Model of Metal Solidification on the Continuum Level,” Numerical Heat Transfer, Part B: Fundamentals, 58: 6, 371-392, 2010. Available Online

  7. Hoa, B.A. and B.G. Thomas, “Application of Computational Model for Alumina Dissolution in Molten Slag,” J. Science Technology, Vietnam, V. 78A, 2010, pp. 59-63. Click here for a PDF version (505 KB)

  8. Li, C., B. G. Thomas, F. Mei, Z. Fan, “Prediction of centerline cracks incurred in the bloom continuous casting of steel”, Baosteel Technical Research, Vol. 4, No. 2, June, 2010, p40-43. Click here for a PDF version (225 KB)

  9. Cho, S.G. Lee, S. Kim, R. Chaudhary, O. Kwon, and B.G. Thomas, “Effect of Stopper-Rod Misalignment on Asymmetric Flow and Vortex Formation in Steel Slab Casting,” Jim Evans Honorary Symposium, B. Li, B.G. Thomas, F. Doyle, A. Campbell, eds., TMS Annual Meeting, (Seattle, WA, Feb. 14-18, 2010), TMS, Warrendale, PA, 2010, pp. 71-77. Click here for a PDF version (510 KB)

  10. Dyer, M.S., J.G. Speer, D. K. Matlock, A. J. Shutts, S. Jansto, K. Xu, B.G. Thomas, “Microalloy Precipitation in Hot Charged Slabs”, AISTech 2010, Pittsburgh, PA, May 3-6, 2010, Assoc. Iron Steel Technology, Warrendale, PA, 1035-1045, 2010. [2010 Jerry Silver Award, AIST] Click here for a PDF version (388 KB)

  11. Hernández, C.A., X. Zhou, J.R. Guajardo, A.H. Castillejos, F.A. Acosta and B.G. Thomas, "A Novel Steady- State Technique for Measuring the Heat Extracted by Secondary Cooling Sprays, ”, AISTech 2010, Pittsburgh, PA, May 3-6, 2010, Assoc. Iron Steel Technology, Warrendale, PA, 81-92, 2010. Click here for a PDF version (915 KB)

  12. Petrus, B., J. Bentsman, and B. G. Thomas, "Feedback control of the two-phase Stefan problem, with an application to the continuous casting of steel," Proceedings of the 49th IEEE Conference on Decision and Control, pp. 1731-1736, Atlanta, GA, USA, December 15-17, 2010. Click here for a PDF version (758 KB)

  13. Hibbeler, L.C., and B.G. Thomas, “Mold Flux Entrainment Mechanisms”, BAC 2010, Fourth Baosteel Biennial Conference Proceedings, Shanghai, PRC, Nov. 16, 2010, pp. B83-90. Click here for a PDF version (212 KB)

  14. Hibbeler, L.C., and B.G. Thomas, “Investigation of Mold Flux Entrainment in CC Molds Due to Shear Layer Instability”, presented at AISTech 2010, Pittsburgh, PA, May 3-6, 2010, Assoc. Iron Steel Technology, Warrendale, PA, CCC Report 201001, Aug. 12, 2010. Click here for a PDF version (531 KB)

  15. Rowan, M., B. G. Thomas, C. Bernhard, and R. Pierer, “Measuring Mechanical Behavior of Steel During Solidification: Modeling the SSCC Test,” CCC Report 201002, Aug. 12, 2010. Click here for a PDF version (886 KB)

  16. Zhou, X. and B.G. Thomas, “Modeling Steel Slab Heat Transfer During Scarfing Processing,”CCC Report 201003, Aug. 12, 2010. Click here for a PDF version (7 MB)

  17. Jasti, H. and B.G. Thomas, “User-Friendly Interface Design and Development for Continuous-Casting Model CON1D, ”CCC Report 201004, Aug. 12, 2010.

  18. Chaudhary, R., C. Ji, and B. G. Thomas, “Assessment of LES and RANS turbulence models with measurements in liquid metal GaInSn model of continuous casting process”, CCC Report 201013, Aug. 12, 2010. Click here for a PDF version (475 KB)

  19. Xu, K., and B.G. Thomas, “Particle-Size-Grouping Model of Precipitation Kinetics in Microalloyed Steels”, CCC Report 201014, Aug. 12, 2010.

  20. Iwasaki, J. and B.G. Thomas, “Calibration of Mold Heat Transfer Models with Breakout Shell Measurements”, CCC Report 201015, Aug. 12, 2010

  21. Chaudhary, R., S.P. Vanka, and B.G. Thomas, “Evaluation of turbulence models in MHD channel and square duct flows”, CCC Report 201017, Aug. 12, 2010. Click here for a PDF version (225 KB)

  22. B.G. Thomas, ed., “Mathematical Models of Continuous Casting of Steel Slabs”, Annual Report to Continuous Casting Consortium, University of Illinois, August 12, 2010.

Return to Top

2011

  1. Thomas, B.G., J.A. Yurko and L. Zhang, Sensors, Sampling, and Simulation for Process Control, (Proceedings of TMS Annual Meeting Symposium, held in San Diego, CA, Feb. 27- Mar. 3, 2011), John Wiley & Sons, Hoboken, New Jersey, 166 pages, 2011.

  2. Petrus, B., K. Zheng, X. Zhou, B.G. Thomas, and J. Bentsman, “Real-Time Model-Based Spray-Cooling Control System for Steel Continuous Casting”, Metallurgical and Materials Transactions B, Vol. 42B:2, 87- 103, 2011. Available Online

  3. Xu, K., B.G. Thomas, and R.J. O’Malley, “Equilibrium Model of Precipitation in Microalloyed Steels, Metallurgical and Materials Transactions A, Vol. 42A, Feb., 2011, pp. 524-539 Click here for a PDF version (1.1 MB)

  4. Chaudhary, R., G.-G. Lee, B. G. Thomas, S.-M. Cho, S.-H. Kim, O.-D. Kwon, “ Effect of Stopper-Rod Misalignment on Fluid Flow in Continuous Casting of Steel, Metallurgical and Materials Transactions B, 2011, online Feb. 8th, 2011. Available Online

  5. Rowan, M., B. G. Thomas, C. Bernhard, and R. Pierer, “Measuring Mechanical Behavior of Steel During Solidification: Modeling the SSCC Test”, Metallurgical and Materials Trans. B, in press, 2011. Click here for a PDF version (1.1 MB)

  6. Chaudhary, R., C. Ji, S.P. Vanka, and B.G. Thomas “Transient Turbulent Flow in a Liquid-Metal Model of Continuous Casting, Including Comparison of Six Different Methods”, Metallurgical and Materials Trans. B, in press, 2011. Click here for a PDF version (2.9 MB)

  7. Bentsman, J., B.G. Thomas, B. Petrus, X. Zhou, V. Natarajan, and R.J. O’Malley “Hybrid Control of Continuous Casting for Whale and Crack Prevention and Resonance Control in Mold Oscillation System,” Proceedings of 2011 NSF CMMI Engineering Research and Innovation Conference, Atlanta, GE, Jan. 4-7, 2011, Grant # DMI-0900138, 22p. Click here for a PDF version (1.7 MB)

  8. Sengupta, J., R. Liu, D. Crosbie, S. Chung, M. Trinh and B.G. Thomas, "Measurement of Molten Steel Surface Velocity with SVC and Nail Dipping during Continuous Casting Process," in Sensors, Sampling, and Simulation for Process Control, B.G. Thomas, J.A. Yurko and L. Zhang, eds., John Wiley & Sons, Hoboken, New Jersey, (TMS Annual Meeting Symposium, San Diego, CA, Feb. 27- Mar. 3, 2011), 2011, 51-58. Click here for a PDF version (551 KB)

  9. Cho, S.-M., H.-J. Lee, S.-H. Kim, R. Chaudhary, B.G. Thomas, D.-H. Lee, Y.-J. Kim, W.-R. Choi, S.-K. Kim and H.-S. Kim, "Measurement of Transient Meniscus Flow in Steel Continuous Casters and Effect of Electromagnetic Braking," in Sensors, Sampling, and Simulation for Process Control, B.G. Thomas, J.A. Yurko and L. Zhang, eds., John Wiley & Sons, Hoboken, New Jersey, (TMS Annual Meeting Symposium, San Diego, CA, Feb. 27- Mar. 3, 2011), 2011, 59-66. Click here for a PDF version (549 KB)

  10. Petrus, B., K. Zheng, X. Zhou, B.G. Thomas, J. Bentsman and R.J. O'Malley, "Implementation of a Real- Time Model-Based Spray-Cooling Control System for Steel Continuous Casting," in Sensors, Sampling, and Simulation for Process Control, B.G. Thomas, J.A. Yurko and L. Zhang, eds., John Wiley & Sons, Hoboken, New Jersey, (TMS Annual Meeting Symposium, San Diego, CA, Feb. 27- Mar. 3, 2011), 2011, 77-84. Click here for a PDF version (1.4 MB)

  11. Thomas, B.G., M.A. Wells and D. Li, "Monitoring of Meniscus Thermal Phenomena with Thermocouples in Continuous Casting of Steel," in Sensors, Sampling, and Simulation for Process Control, B.G. Thomas, J.A. Yurko and L. Zhang, eds., John Wiley & Sons, Hoboken, New Jersey, (TMS Annual Meeting Symposium, San Diego, CA, Feb. 27- Mar. 3, 2011), 2011, 119-126. Click here for a PDF version (2.6 MB)

  12. Thomas, B.G. and M.K. Okelman, "Implementation of Temperature and Strain Micro-Sensors into a Casting Mold Surface," in Sensors, Sampling, and Simulation for Process Control, B.G. Thomas, J.A. Yurko and L. Zhang, eds., John Wiley & Sons, Hoboken, New Jersey, (TMS Annual Meeting Symposium, San Diego, CA, Feb. 27- Mar. 3, 2011), 2011, 127-134. Click here for a PDF version (378 KB)

  13. Hibbeler, L.C., and B.G. Thomas, “Thermal Distortion of Funnel Molds”, AISTech 2011, Indianapolis, IN, May 2-5, 2011, Assoc. Iron Steel Technology, Warrendale, PA. Click here for a PDF version (597 KB)

  14. Liu, R., J. Sengupta, M.M. Yavuz, and B.G. Thomas, “Effects of Stopper Rod Movement on Mold Fluid Flow at ArcelorMittal Dofasco’s No. 1 Continuous Caster”, AISTech 2011, Indianapolis, IN, May 2-5, 2011, Assoc. Iron Steel Technology, Warrendale, PA. Click here for a PDF version (2.4 MB)

  15. Cho, S.-M., S.H. Kim, R. Chaudhary, B.G. Thomas, H.-J. Shin, W.-R. Choi, S.-K. Kim, “Effect of Nozzle Clogging on Surface Flow and Vortex Formation in the Continuous Casting Mold”, AISTech 2011, Indianapolis, IN, May 2-5, 2011, Assoc. Iron Steel Technology, Warrendale, PA. Click here for a PDF version (986 KB)

  16. Xu, K., B. G. Thomas, M. S. Dyer, J. G. Speer, D. K. Matlock, “Model of Microalloy Precipitation during Continuous Casting and Reheating”, AISTech 2011, Indianapolis, IN, May 2-5, 2011, Assoc. Iron Steel Technology, Warrendale, PA. Click here for a PDF version (689 KB)

  17. Hibbeler, L.C. and B.G. Thomas, "Review of Mold Flux Entrainment Mechanisms and Model Investigation of Entrainment by Shear-Layer Instability," in 7th European Continuous-Casting Conference, 2011, MetTec InSteelCon, (Dusseldorf, Germany, June 27- July 1, 2011), 2011. Click here for a PDF version (2.1 MB)

  18. Santillana, B., B.G. Thomas, G. Botman and E. Dekker, "3D Thickness Measurement Technique for Continuous Casting Breakout Shells," in 7th European Continuous-Casting Conference, 2011, MetTec InSteelCon, (Dusseldorf, Germany, June 27- July 1, 2011), 2011. Click here for a PDF version (1.8 MB)

  19. Thomas, B.G., S. Koric, L.C. Hibbeler and R. Liu, "Multiphysics Model of Continuous Casting of Steel Beam-Blanks," in 4th International Conference on Modeling and Simulation of Metallurgical Processes in Steelmaking, (STEELSIM2011), MetTec InSteelCon, (Dusseldorf, Germany, June 27- July 1, 2011), 2011. Click here for a PDF version (2.5 MB)

Return to Top

    2012

  1. Nastac, Laurentiu, L. Zhang, B.G. Thomas, A. Sabau, N. El-Kaddah, A.C. Powell, and H. Combeau, “CFD Modeling and Simulation in Materials Processing”, (Proceedings of TMS Annual Meeting Symposium, held in Orlando, FL, Mar. 12-15, 2012), John Wiley & Sons, Hoboken, New Jersey, 347 pages, 2012.

  2. Xu, Kun, and Brian G. Thomas, “Particle-Size-Grouping Model of Precipitation Kinetics in Microalloyed Steels”, Metallurgical and Materials Trans. A, Vol. 43A, No. 3 (March), pp. 1079-1096, 2012, DOI: 10.1007/s11661-011-0938-y. Click here for a PDF version (993 KB)

  3. Cho, S.-M., S.H. Kim, R. Chaudhary, B.G. Thomas, H.-J. Shin, W.-R. Choi and S.-K. Kim, "Effect of Nozzle Clogging on Surface Flow and Vortex Formation in the Continuous Casting Mold," Iron and Steel Technology, 9:7, 85-95, 2012, (reprinted from Cho, S.-M., S.H. Kim, R. Chaudhary, B.G. Thomas, H.-J. Shin, W.-R. Choi, S.-K. Kim, “Effect of Nozzle Clogging on Surface Flow and Vortex Formation in the Continuous Casting Mold”, AISTech 2011, Indianapolis, IN, May 2-5, 2011, Assoc. Iron Steel Technology, Warrendale, PA). Click here for a PDF version (6.3 MB)

  4. Chaudhary, R., B.G. Thomas, and S.P. Vanka, "Effect of Electromagnetic Ruler Braking (EMBr) on Transient Turbulent Flow in Continuous Slab Casting using Large Eddy Simulations," Metallurgical and Materials Transactions B: Process Metallurgy and Materials Processing Science, Vol. 43B, No. 3, 2012, pp. 532-553, DOI: 10.1007/s11663-012-9634-6. Click here for a PDF version (3.6 MB)

  5. Hibbeler, Lance C., Brian G. Thomas, Ronald C. Schimmel and Gert Abbel, "The Thermal Distortion of a Funnel Mold," Metal. Mater. Trans. B., Vol. 43B, No. 5, 2012, pp. 1156-1172, DOI: 10.1007/s11663-012-9696-5. Click here for a PDF version (2.4 MB)

  6. Iwasaki, Junya, and B.G. Thomas, "Thermal-Mechanical Model Calibration with Breakout Shell Measurements in Continuous Steel Slab Casting," in Supplemental Proceedings: Volume 2: Materials Properties, Characterization, and Modeling, TMS Annual Meeting, Defects and Properties of Cast Metals Symposium (Orlando, FL, Mar. 12-15, 2012), The Minerals, Metals & Materials Society, (TMS), Warrendale, PA, 355-362, 2012. Click here for a PDF version (896 KB)

  7. Thomas, Brian G., Quan Yuan, Rui Liu, Sana Mahmood, and Rajneesh Chaudhary, "Transport and Entrapment of Particles in Steel Continuous Casting," in CFD Modeling and Simulation in Materials, L. Nastac, L. Zhang, B. G. Thomas, A. Sabau, N. El-Kaddah, A. C. Powell and H. Combeau, eds., (Orlando, FL, Mar. 12-15, 2012), The Minerals, Metals & Materials Society, (TMS), Warrendale, PA, 279-286, 2012. Click here for a PDF version (1.2 MB)

  8. Maldonado, Yadira G., F. Andrés Acosta, A. Humberto Castillejos and Brian G. Thomas, "Kinetic Study of the Devitrification of Mold Powder Slags," AISTech 2012, (Atlanta, GA, May 7-9, 2012), 2012.

  9. Hibbeler, Lance C., Melody M. Langeneckert, Junya Iwasaki, Inwho Hwang, Ron J. O’Malley, Brian G. Thomas, "Calibration of Thermal Models of Continuous Casting of Steel," AISTech 2012, (Atlanta, GA, May 7-9, 2012), 2012. Click here for a PDF version (1.5 MB)

  10. Lee, Hyoung-Jun, Seong-Mook Cho, Seon-Hyo Kim, Brian G. Thomas, Sang-Woo Han, Tae-In Chung, Joo Choi, "Thermal Stress Cracking of Sliding Gate Plates," AISTech 2012, (Atlanta, GA, May 7-9, 2012), 2012. Click here for a PDF version (1.1 MB)

  11. Liu, Rui, Brian G. Thomas, Bruce Forman and Hongbin Yin, "Transient Turbulent Flow Simulation with Water Model Validation and Application to Slide Gate Dithering," AISTech 2012, (Atlanta, GA, May 7-9, 2012), 2012. Click here for a PDF version (6.5 MB)

  12. Liu, Rui, and Brian G. Thomas, "Model of Gas Flow through Upper Tundish Nozzle Refractory and Initial Bubble Size," AISTech 2012, (Atlanta, GA, May 7-9, 2012), 2012.

  13. Liu, R., B G Thomas, and J Sengupta, "Simulation of Transient Fluid Flow in Mold Region during Steel Continuous Casting," Modeling of Casting, Welding, and Advanced Solidification Processes (MCWASP) XIII, (Styria, Austria, June 17-22, 2012), 2012. Click here for a PDF version (6.7 MB)

  14. Petrus, Bryan, Joseph Bentsman and Brian G. Thomas, "Enthalpy-based feedback control algorithms for the Stefan problem," 51st IEEE Conference on Decision and Control, (Maui, Hawaii, Dec. 10-13, 2012), 2012.

  15. Brian G. Thomas, ed., “Mathematical Models of Continuous Casting of Steel Slabs”, Annual Report to Continuous Casting Consortium, University of Illinois, August 16, 2012.

Return to Top

    2013

  1. Hernández-Bocanegra, Constantin A., A. Humberto Castillejos E., Francisco A. Acosta-González, Xiaoxu Zhou and Brian G. Thomas, "Measurement of heat flux in dense air-mist cooling: Part I – A novel steady-state technique", Experimental Thermal and Fluid Science, Vol. 44, 2013, pp. 147-160. Click here for a PDF version (1.5 MB)

  2. Hernández-Bocanegra, Constantin A., Jesús I. Minchaca-Mojica, A. Humberto Castillejos E., Francisco A. Acosta-González, Xiaoxu Zhou and Brian G. Thomas, "Measurement of heat flux in dense air-mist cooling: Part II – The influence of mist characteristics on steady-state heat transfer", Experimental Thermal and Fluid Science, Vol. 44, 2013, pp. 161-173. Click here for a PDF version (1.6 MB)

  3. Zhou, Xiaoxu, Brian G. Thomas, C. Alberto Hernández B., A. Humberto Castillejos E. and F. Andrés Acosta G., "Measuring heat transfer during spray cooling using controlled induction heating experiments and computational models", Applied Mathematical Modeling, V. 37, 2013, pp. 3181-3192. Click here for a PDF version (1.2 MB)

  4. Singh, R., B.G. Thomas, and P. Vanka, “Effects of a Magnetic Field on Turbulent Flow in the Mold Region of a Steel Caster”, Metallurgical and Materials Transactions B, Vol. 44, #5, 2013, pp. 1201-1221. Click here for a PDF version (2.7 MB)

  5. Zhou, L., W. Wang, R. Liu, and B. G. Thomas, “Computational Modeling of Temperature, Flow and Crystallization of Mold Slag during Double-Hot-Thermocouple-Technique Experiments”, Metallurgical and Materials Transactions B, Vol. 44, #5, 2013, pp. 1264-1279. Click here for a PDF version (1.7 MB)

  6. Maldonado, Yadira G., F. Andrés Acosta, A. Humberto Castillejos and Brian G. Thomas, “Kinetic Study of the Devitrification of Mold Powder Slags”, Iron and Steel Technology, 10:7, 65-75, July, 2013. Click here for a PDF version (2.5 MB)

  7. Hibbeler, Lance C., Melody M. Langeneckert, Junya Iwasaki, Inwho Hwang, Ron J. O’Malley, Brian G. Thomas, “Calibration of Thermal Models of Continuous Casting Molds”, Iron and Steel Technology - AIST Transactions, 10:9, 199-210, Sept., 2013. Click here for a PDF version (1.2 MB)

  8. Hibbeler, L.C., and Brian G. Thomas, “Mold Slag Entrainment Mechanisms in Continuous Casting Molds”, Iron and Steel Technology, 10:10, 121-136, Oct., 2013. Click here for a PDF version (1.6 MB)

  9. Hibbeler, L.C., and Brian G. Thomas, “Mold Slag Entrainment Mechanisms in Continuous Casting Molds”, AISTech 2013 Proceedings, Pittsburgh, PA, May 6-8, 2013, Assoc. Iron Steel Technology, Warrendale, PA, pp. 1215-1230. Click here for a PDF version (1.6 MB)

  10. Singh, R., B.G. Thomas, and S.P. Vanka, “Effect of Electromagnetic Braking (EMBr) on Turbulent Flow in Continuous Casting”, AISTech 2013 Proceedings, Pittsburgh, PA, May 6-8, 2013, Assoc. Iron Steel Technology, Warrendale, PA, pp. 1323-1336. Click here for a PDF version (1 MB)

  11. Liu, Rui, Brian G. Thomas, Love Kalra, Tathagata Bhattacharya, and Aloka Dasgupta, “Slidegate Dithering Effects on Transient Flow and Mold Level Fluctuations”, AISTech 2013 Proceedings, Pittsburgh, PA, May 6-8, 2013, Assoc. Iron Steel Technology, Warrendale, PA, pp. 1351-1364. Click here for a PDF version (4.2 MB)

  12. Koric, Seid, Brian G. Thomas, and Lance Hibbeler, “Multiphysics Simulation of Metal Solidification Processes with Abaqus,” Simulia Community Conference, Vienna, Austria, May 21-24, 2013, 10p. Click here for a PDF version (288 KB)

  13. Thomas, Brian G., Ramnik Singh, Rajneesh Chaudhary, and Pratap Vanka, “Flow Control with Ruler Electromagnetic Braking (EMBr) in Continuous Casting of Steel Slabs”, BAC2013, Fifth Baosteel Biennial Academic Conference, Shanghai, PRC, June 4-6, 2013, 10p. Click here for a PDF version (765 KB)

  14. Liu, Rui, Surya P. Vanka, and Brian G. Thomas, “Particle Transport in a Turbulent Square Duct Flow with an Imposed Magnetic Field,“ Proceedings of the ASME 2013 Fluids Engineering Division Summer Meeting, FEDSM2013, Lake Tahoe, Nevada, July 7-11, 2013, 10p. Click here for a PDF version (6.4 MB)

  15. Chaudhary, R., B.G. Thomas, and P. Vanka, “Evaluation of Turbulence Models in MHD Channel and Square Duct Flows”, Proc. 11th International ISHMT-ASME Heat and Mass Transfer Conference, IIT Kharagpur, India, December 28-31, 2013, 13p. Click here for a PDF version (2.4 MB)

  16. Brian G. Thomas, ed., “Mathematical Models of Continuous Casting of Steel Slabs”, Annual Report to Continuous Casting Consortium, University of Illinois, August 14, 2013.

Return to Top

    2014

  1. Thomas, B.G., Q. Yuan, S. Mahmood, R. Liu, and R. Chaudhary, “Transport and Entrapment of Particles in Steel Continuous Casting”, Metallurgical and Materials Transactions B, Vol. 45B, No. 1, 2014, pp. 22-35.

  2. Singh, R., B.G. Thomas, and S.P. Vanka, “Large Eddy Simulations of Double-Ruler Electromagnetic Field Effect on Transient Flow during Continuous Casting”, Metallurgical and Materials Transactions B, Vol. 45B, No. 3, (June), 2014, pp. 1098-1115.

  3. Cho, Seong-Mook, Kim, Seon-Hyo, and Brian G. Thomas, “Transient Fluid Flow during Steady Continuous Casting of Steel Slabs, Part I: Measurements and Modeling of Two-phase Flow", ISIJ International, Vol. 54, No. 4, (April), 2014, pp. 845-854.

  4. Cho, Seong-Mook, Kim, Seon-Hyo, and Brian G. Thomas, “Transient Fluid Flow during Steady Continuous Casting of Steel Slabs, Part II: Effect of Double-Ruler Electro-Magnetic Braking (EMBr)”, ISIJ International, Vol. 54, No. 4, (April), 2014, pp. 855-864.

  5. Duvvuri, Prathiba, Bryan Petrus, and Brian G. Thomas, “Correlation for Mold Heat Flux Measured in a Thin Slab Casting Mold”, AISTech 2014, Indianapolis, IN, May 5-8, 2014, Assoc. Iron Steel Technology, Warrendale, PA, pp. 2881-2893.

  6. Li, Y., and B.G. Thomas, “Transient Model of Preheating a Submerged Entry Nozzle”, AISTech 2014, Indianapolis, IN, May 5-8, 2014, Assoc. Iron Steel Technology, Warrendale, PA, pp. 2907-2922.

  7. Swartz, Kenneth E, Lance C. Hibbeler, Brendan P. Joyce, and Brian G. Thomas, “Numerical Investigation of Slag Entrainment in Continuous Casting Molds”, AISTech 2014, Indianapolis, IN, May 5-8, 2014, Assoc. Iron Steel Technology, Warrendale, PA, pp. 1865-1879.

  8. Galdiz, P., J. Palacios, J.L. Arana, and B.G. Thomas, “Round Continuous Casting with EMS-CFD Coupled”, 8th European Continuous Casting Conference, (ECCC2014), Graz, Austria, June 23-26, 2014, pp. 1312-1321.

  9. Lance C. Hibbeler, Brian G. Thomas, Ronald C. Schimmel, and Henk H. Visser, “Simulation and Online Measurement of Narrow Face Mold Distortion in Thin-Slab Casting”, 8th European Continuous Casting Conference, (ECCC2014), Graz, Austria, June 23-26, 2014, pp. 675-684.

  10. Brian G. Thomas, Rui Liu, and Bret Rietow, “Combining Models and Measurements to Better Understand Steel Continuous Casting”, 8th European Continuous Casting Conference, Graz, (ECCC2014), Austria, June 23-26, 2014, pp. 1130-1139.

  11. Liu, Rui, Brian G. Thomas, Joydeep Sengupta, Stephen D. Chung, and ManhKha Trinh, “Measurements of Molten Steel Surface Velocity and Effect of Stopper-rod Movement on Transient Multiphase Fluid Flow in Continuous Casting,” CCC Report 201401.

  12. Liu, Rui, and Brian G. Thomas, “Model of Gas Flow through Porous Refractory Applied to an Upper Tundish Nozzle”, CCC Report, 201402.

Return to Top

    Graduate Student Theses

  1. Lawrence J. Mika, "Simulation of Fluid Flow and Heat Transfer Inside a Continuous Slab Casting Machine", MS Thesis, University of Illinois, 1988.

  2. Jean A. Azzi, "Preliminary Steps in the Development of a 3-D Thermal-Stress Model of Continuous Casting", MS Thesis, University of Illinois, 1988.

  3. Glen T. Haegele, "Application of Mathematical Models to Investigate Defect Formation During Hot-Charging of Continuously-Cast Steel Slabs," MS Thesis, University of Illinois, 1988.

  4. David D. Goettsch, "Heat Flow Model of Directionally Solidified Single Crystal Airfoils", MS Thesis, University of Illinois, 1988.

  5. William R. Storkman, "Optimization of Mold Taper Design Using Mathematical Models of Continuous Steel Slab Casting", MS Thesis, University of Illinois, 1990.

  6. Fady M. Najjar, "Finite-Element Modelling of Turbulent Fluid Flow and Heat Transfer Through Bifurcated Nozzles in Continuous Steel Slab Casters", MS Thesis, University of Illinois, 1990; [Jerry Silver Award, ISS, for best Masters thesis on iron and steelmaking for 1989-90].

  7. Patrick F. Kozlowski, "Simple, Unified Constitutive Equations for Plain Carbon Steel Under Continuous Casting Conditions", MS Thesis, University of Illinois, 1991.

  8. Bryant Ho, "Characterization of Interfacial Heat Transfer in the Continuous Slab Casting Process", MS Thesis, University of Illinois, 1992; [Jerry Silver Award, ISS, for best Masters thesis on iron and steelmaking for 1992-93].

  9. Donald E. Hershey, "Turbulent Flow of Molten Steel through Submerged Bifurcated Nozzles in the Continuous Casting Process", MS Thesis, University of Illinois, 1992.

  10. Avijit Moitra, "Thermo-mechanical Model of Steel Shell Behavior in Continuous Slab Casting", PhD. Thesis, University of Illinois, 1993.

  11. Robert M. McDavid, "Flow and Thermal Behavior of the Top Surface Flux / Powder Layers in Continuous-Casting Molds", MS Thesis, University of Illinois, 1994.

  12. David T. Lui, "Effect of Oscillation Marks on Heat Transfer in Continuous Casting Molds", MS Thesis, University of Illinois, 1995.

  13. Keith Rackers, "Mechanism and Mitigation of Clogging in Continuous Casting Nozzles", MS Thesis, University of Illinois, 1995.

  14. Guowei Li, "Analysis of Thermal and Mechanical Behavior of High Heat Flux Facing Copper Walls", PhD. Thesis, University of Illinois, 1996.

  15. Hong Zhu, "Coupled Thermal-Mechanical Finite Element Model with Application to Initial Solidification", PhD. Thesis, University of Illinois, 1996.

  16. David Creech, "Computational Modeling of Multiphase Turbulent Fluid Flow and Heat Transfer in the Continuous Slab Casting Mold", MS Thesis, University of Illinois, 1999.

  17. Sivaraj Sivaramakrishnan, "Transient Fluid Flow in the Mold and Heat Transfer Through the Molten Slag Layer in Continuous Casting of Steel", MS Thesis, University of Illinois, 2000.

  18. Lan Yu, "FEM Analysis of Bulging Between Rolls in Continuous Casting", MS Thesis, University of Illinois, 2000.

  19. David Stone, "Mathematical Modeling of Interfacial Heat Transfer in the Continuous Slab Casting Process", MS Thesis, University of Illinois, 2000.

  20. Jon Parkman, "Simulation of Thermal-Mechanical Behavior During Initial Solidification of Steel", MS Thesis, University of Illinois, 2000.

  21. Hua Bai, "Argon Bubble Behavior in Slide-gate Tundish Nozzles during Continuous Casting of Steel Slabs", PhD Thesis, University of Illinois, 2000.

  22. Melody Langeneckert, "Influence of Mold Geometry on Heat Transfer, Thermocouple and Mold Temperatures in the Continuous Casting of Steel Slabs," MS Thesis, University of Illinois, 2001.

  23. Tiebiao Shi, "Effect of Argon Injection on Fluid Flow and Heat Transfer in the Continuous Slab Casting Mold", MS Thesis, University of Illinois, 2001.

  24. Joong Kil Park, "Thermo-mechanical phenomena in high speed continuous casting processes", PhD Thesis, May, 2002, University of British Columbia.

  25. Joe Shaver, "Measurements of Molten Steel/Flux Interface Phenomena in Thin-Slab Casting", MS Thesis, January, 2003, University of British Columbia.

  26. Bin Zhao, "Numerical Study of Heat Transfer in Continuous Casting of Steel", MS Thesis, University of Illinois, December, 2003.

  27. Quan Yuan, "Transient Study of Turbulent Flow and Particle Transport during Continuous Casting of Steel Slabs," PhD Thesis, University of Illinois, June, 2004.

  28. Ya Meng, "Modeling Interfacial Slab Layer Phenomena in the Shell / Mold Gap in Continuous Casting of Steel", PhD Thesis, University of Illinois, August, 2004.

  29. Chunsheng Li, "Thermal-Mechanical Model of Solidifying Steel Shell Behavior and its Applications in High Speed Continuous Casting of Billets", PhD Thesis, University of Illinois, 2005.

  30. Ho-Jung Shin, “Study of subsurface hook formation and initial solidification in continuous-cast ultra-low carbon steel slabs”, PhD Thesis, Pohang University of Science and Technology (Postech), Pohang, S. Korea, Mat Sci & Eng. Dept., 2006.

  31. Jorg Peter, "Development of a new process to continuously melt and refine steel", PhD Thesis, University of Missouri Rolla, 2006.

  32. Seid Koric, “Efficient Thermo-Mechanical Model For Solidification Processes and its Applications in Steel Continuous Casting”, PhD Thesis, University of Illinois, 2006.

  33. Sana Mahmood, “Modeling of Flow Asymmetries and Particle Entrapment in Nozzle and Mold During Continuous Casting of Steel Slabs”, MS Thesis, University of Illinois, 2006.

  34. Kevin Cukierski "Electromagnetic Flow Control in the Continuous Casting of Steel Slabs," MS Thesis, University of Illinois, 2007.

  35. Bret Rietow, "Investigations to Improve Product Cleanliness During the Casting of Steel Ingots", MS Thesis, University of Illinois, 2007

  36. Aravind Sundararajan, "Heat Transfer During Melt Spinning of Al-7%Si Alloy on a Cu-Be Wheel", MS Thesis, University of Illinois, 2007

  37. Michael Okelman, “Design and Installation of Novel Sensors into the Continuous Casting Mold,” MS Thesis, University of Illinois, 2008.

  38. Lance C. Hibbeler, “Thermo-Mechanical Behavior During Steel Continuous Casting In Funnel Molds,” MS Thesis, University of Illinois, 2009.

  39. Xiaoxu Zhou, “Heat Transfer During Spray Water Cooling Using Steady Experiments,” MS Thesis, University of Illinois, 2009.

  40. Hemanth Jasti, “User-Friendly Interface Design and Development for Continuous-Casting Model CON1D,” MS Thesis, University of Illinois, 2010.

  41. Varun Singh, “Heat Transfer Model of a Nozzle during Preheating, Cooling, and Casting,” non-thesis MS, University of Illinois, 2010.

  42. Rajneesh Chaudhary, "Studies of Turbulent Flows in Continous Casting of Steel with and without Magnetic Field," PhD Thesis, University of Illinois, 2011.

  43. Kun Xu, "Multiphase Particle-Size-Grouping Model of Precipitation and its Application to Thermal Processing of Microalloyed Steel", Ph.D., 2012.

  44. Ramnik Singh, "High Fidelity Numerical Investigations of Tailored Magnetic Fields for Defect Reduction in Continuous Casting of Steel," MS Thesis, University of Illinois, 2013.

  45. Seong-Mook Cho, "Computational Modeling of Transient Multi-Phase Flow in the Nozzle and Mold of Continuous Steel Slab Casting with Electro-Magnetic Braking (EMBr)," PhD Thesis, Pohang University of Science and Technology, 2014.

  46. Lance Hibbeler, "Multiphysics Modeling of the Steel Continuous Casting Process," PhD Thesis, University of Illinois, 2014.

  47. ASM Jonayat, "Transient Thermo-Fluid Model of Meniscus Behavior and Slag Consumption in Steel Continuous Casting", MS Thesis, University of Illinois, 2014.

  48. Yonghui Li, "Transient Model of Preheating a Submerged Entry Nozzle", MS Thesis, University of Illinois, 2014.

  49. Rui Liu,"Modeling Transient Multiphase Flow and Mold Top Surface Behavior in Steel Continuous Casting," PhD Thesis, University of Illinois, 2014.

  50. Bryan Petrus, "Distributed Parameter Control of Heat Diffusion with Solidification," PhD Thesis, University of Illinois, 2014.